Reciprocal Relations among Job Demands, Job Control and Social Support Moderated by Neuroticism: A Crossed-Lagged Analysis

Roman Cieślak , Nina Knoll , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska


This study investigated whether neuroticism moderates the relations among social support (from coworkers and supervisors) and work strain characteristics (i.e. job demands and job control). A full cross-lagged panel analysis was used to test whether social support predicts job demands and control or whether job demands and job control predict support among individuals with high and low neuroticism. Workers (N = 247; 42.1% men) of five occupations filled out questionnaires twice, with a time gap of 1 month. Work characteristics (job demands, job control, and social support) together with age and gender were included in a two-group path model with neuroticism as a moderator. Neuroticism moderated relations between social support and work strain characteristics: among individuals with high neuroticism, high job demands predicted low support from supervisors and low job control predicted low support from supervisors. Among individuals with low neuroticism, high support from supervisors predicted high job control.
Author Roman Cieślak (Wydział Psychologii)
Roman Cieślak,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Nina Knoll
Nina Knoll,,
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesJournal of Vocational Behavior, ISSN 0001-8791, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2007
Keywords in EnglishSocial support; Neuroticism; Work characteristics; Work stress
ASJC Classification3319 Life-span and Life-course Studies; 1407 Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management; 3202 Applied Psychology; 3304 Education
Languageen angielski
2007_-_R_Cieslak_-_Reciprocalrelationsamongjobdemandsjobcontrolandsoc[retrieved-2016-03-12].pdf 170.33 KB
Score (nominal)40
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2007 = 1.675; WoS Impact Factor: 2007 = 2.148 (2) - 2007=2.822 (5)
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