Culture, Temperament, and the "Difficult Child": A Study in Seven Western Cultures

Charles Super , Giovanna Axia , Sara Harkness , Barbara Welles-Nystrom , Piotr Żylicz , P. Parmar , Sabrina Bonichini , Moises Bermudez , Ughetta Moscardino , V. Kolar , Jesus Palacios , Andrzej Eliasz , H. McGurk

Abstract

This study explores parental ethnotheories of children’s temperament through mothers’ responses to McDevitt and Carey’s Behavioral Style Questionnaire (1978) for 299 children aged 3 to 8 years and interviews with their parents, in Australia, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the United States. We first established a standardized, “derived etic” version of the questionnaire with adequate reliability for 8 of the original 9 scales. Cross-cultural comparisons of the scales’ means showed generally similar perceptions of children’s behavior. However, intercorrelations of the mean ratings with each other and with global “difficulty,” as presented through multidimensional scaling, showed both general tendencies and culturespecific patterns, which are further illustrated by parental discourse about “difficult” children in each sample. The findings underline the importance of parental ethnotheories for shaping the expression of temperament in development.
Author Charles Super
Charles Super,,
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, Giovanna Axia
Giovanna Axia,,
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, Sara Harkness
Sara Harkness,,
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, Barbara Welles-Nystrom
Barbara Welles-Nystrom,,
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, Piotr Żylicz (Wydział Psychologii)
Piotr Żylicz,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, P. Parmar
P. Parmar,,
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, Sabrina Bonichini
Sabrina Bonichini,,
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, Moises Bermudez
Moises Bermudez,,
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, Ughetta Moscardino
Ughetta Moscardino,,
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, V. Kolar
V. Kolar,,
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et al.`
Journal seriesEUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL SCIENCE, (0 pkt)
Issue year2008
Vol2
No1/2
Pages136-157
Publication size in sheets1.05
Keywords in Englishculture, temperament, child development, parents’ ideas
URL http://www.celf.ucla.edu/2010_conference_articles/Super_et_al_2008.pdf
Languageen angielski
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Super_et_al_nadbitka.pdf 32.41 KB
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=2945
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=2945
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