Culture, Temperament, and the "Difficult Child": A Study in Seven Western Cultures
Charles Super , Giovanna Axia , Sara Harkness , Barbara Welles-Nystrom , Piotr Żylicz , P. Parmar , Sabrina Bonichini , Moises Bermudez , Ughetta Moscardino , V. Kolar , Jesus Palacios , Andrzej Eliasz , H. McGurk
AbstractThis study explores parental ethnotheories of children’s temperament through mothers’ responses to McDevitt and Carey’s Behavioral Style Questionnaire (1978) for 299 children aged 3 to 8 years and interviews with their parents, in Australia, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the United States. We first established a standardized, “derived etic” version of the questionnaire with adequate reliability for 8 of the original 9 scales. Cross-cultural comparisons of the scales’ means showed generally similar perceptions of children’s behavior. However, intercorrelations of the mean ratings with each other and with global “difficulty,” as presented through multidimensional scaling, showed both general tendencies and culturespecific patterns, which are further illustrated by parental discourse about “difficult” children in each sample. The findings underline the importance of parental ethnotheories for shaping the expression of temperament in development.
|Journal series||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL SCIENCE, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.05|
|Keywords in English||culture, temperament, child development, parents’ ideas|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=2945|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=2945|
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