Self-evaluative appraisals of coping capability and posttraumatic distress following motor vehicle accidents

Charles C. Benight , Roman Cieślak , Ivan R. Molton , Lesley E. Johnson


This study tested the importance of coping self-efficacy (CSE) perceptions and change in perceptions ofCSE for recovery from motor vehicle accident (MVA) trauma. Data were collected 7 days following the accident (Time 1; n = 163), 1 month after the accident (Time 2; n = 91), and 3 months after the accident (Time 3; n = 70). Early changes in CSE (i.e., from Time 1 to Time 2) predicted posttraumatic distress at 3 months after MVA trauma, even after controlling for Time 1 or Time 2 posttraumatic distress and other trauma-related variables (i.e., accident responsibility, litigation involvement, and peritraumatic dissociation). Early changes in CSE perceptions, however, neither moderated nor mediated the effects of early posttraumatic distress (Time 1) on 3-month posttraumatic distress. Time 2 CSE levels, however, did mediate the relationship between acute posttraumatic distress (Time 1) and 3-month posttraumatic distress (Time 3). These findings highlight the importance of early interventions aimed at strengthening self-efficacy after MVA trauma.
Author Charles C. Benight
Charles C. Benight,,
, Roman Cieślak (Wydział Psychologii)
Roman Cieślak,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Ivan R. Molton
Ivan R. Molton,,
, Lesley E. Johnson
Lesley E. Johnson,,
Journal seriesJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, ISSN 0022-006X, (A 45 pkt)
Issue year2008
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishmotor vehicle accidents, posttraumatic stress, coping self-efficacy, coping
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 3203 Clinical Psychology
Languageen angielski
Benight-Cieslak-Molton-Johnson-2008.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)45
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 3.072; WoS Impact Factor: 2008 = 4.991 (2) - 2008=6.417 (5)
Citation count*90 (2021-03-05)
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