Self-evaluative appraisals of coping capability and posttraumatic distress following motor vehicle accidents
Charles C. Benight , Roman Cieślak , Ivan R. Molton , Lesley E. Johnson
AbstractThis study tested the importance of coping self-efficacy (CSE) perceptions and change in perceptions ofCSE for recovery from motor vehicle accident (MVA) trauma. Data were collected 7 days following the accident (Time 1; n = 163), 1 month after the accident (Time 2; n = 91), and 3 months after the accident (Time 3; n = 70). Early changes in CSE (i.e., from Time 1 to Time 2) predicted posttraumatic distress at 3 months after MVA trauma, even after controlling for Time 1 or Time 2 posttraumatic distress and other trauma-related variables (i.e., accident responsibility, litigation involvement, and peritraumatic dissociation). Early changes in CSE perceptions, however, neither moderated nor mediated the effects of early posttraumatic distress (Time 1) on 3-month posttraumatic distress. Time 2 CSE levels, however, did mediate the relationship between acute posttraumatic distress (Time 1) and 3-month posttraumatic distress (Time 3). These findings highlight the importance of early interventions aimed at strengthening self-efficacy after MVA trauma.
|Journal series||Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, ISSN 0022-006X, (A 45 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||motor vehicle accidents, posttraumatic stress, coping self-efficacy, coping|
|Publication indicators||: 2014 = 3.072; : 2008 = 4.991 (2) - 2008=6.417 (5)|
|Citation count*||86 (2020-11-21)|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=3159|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=3159|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.