Personality and cognitive performance

Małgorzata Fajkowska , Michael William Eysenck

Abstract

The two experiments reported here are concerned with the influence of trait anxiety and other individual differences on cognitive performance using the face-in-the-crowd procedure. Participants completed questionnaires (EPQ-R; STAI; Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale) and across two experiments searched for discrepant faces in matrices of otherwise identical faces (in Experiment 1: threatening, happy, neutral targets against emotional or neutral backgrounds, and in Experiment 2: threatening, happy, sad and scheming targets against neutral distractors). The key findings from this study indicated that anxiety enhanced processing efficiency of positive emotional material when interacts with high psychoticism. Additionally, the vigilance for threatening and neutral faces was a characteristic of sanguine individuals with repressive coping while inefficient processing of threatening and neutral stimuli of non-defensive melancholic subjects. These results are discussed with reference to attentional control theory (Eysenck, Derakshan, Santos, & Calvo, 2007).
Author Małgorzata Fajkowska (Wydział Psychologii)
Małgorzata Fajkowska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Michael William Eysenck
Michael William Eysenck,,
-
Journal seriesPolish Psychological Bulletin, ISSN 0079-2993, e-ISSN 1641-7844, (B 15 pkt)
Issue year2008
Vol39
No4
Pages178-191
Publication size in sheets0.65
Keywords in Englishanxiety, PEN, personality coherence vs. incoherence, attentional control theory, facial stimuli
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
DOIDOI:10.2478/v10059-008-0025-4
URL http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/ppb.2008.39.issue-4/v10059-008-0025-4/v10059-008-0025-4.xml
Languageen angielski
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Fajkowska-new.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2009 = 0.107
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=3220
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=3220
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