Predicting posttraumatic growth among Hurricane Katrina survivors living with HIV: the role of self-efficacy, social support, and PTSD symptoms

Roman Cieślak , Charles C. Benight , Norine Schmidt , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska , Erin Cutrin , Rebecca A. Clark , Patricia Kissinger

Abstract

The study tested the model of adaptation after trauma by Benight and Bandura (2004) indicating that posttraumatic recovery may be predicted directly by coping self-efficacy (CSE) and indirectly by social support. These relations were investigated in the context of posttraumatic growth (PTG) among Hurricane Katrina survivors living with HIV. Additionally, it was hypothesized that among individuals with more intensive Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms, those with strong CSE would experience the strongest PTG. Cross-sectional data were collected among 90 patients with HIV who reinitiated care at the HIV outpatient clinic. Questionnaires were administered approximately 14 months after the hurricane. Higher CSE was related to higher PTG among the survivors who suffered from more intensive PTSD symptoms. Received social support was directly related to only one index of PTG, relating to others. Furthermore, although there was a significant relationship between social support and CSE, the indirect conditional effect of received social support on PTG was not confirmed. Similar results were obtained across the indices of PTG, controlling for the level of exposure to hurricane-related trauma. Cross-sectional design and convenience character of the sample warrants replications.
Author Roman Cieślak (Wydział Psychologii)
Roman Cieślak,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Charles C. Benight
Charles C. Benight,,
-
, Norine Schmidt
Norine Schmidt,,
-
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Erin Cutrin
Erin Cutrin,,
-
, Rebecca A. Clark
Rebecca A. Clark,,
-
, Patricia Kissinger
Patricia Kissinger,,
-
Journal seriesANXIETY STRESS AND COPING, (0 pkt)
Issue year2009
Vol22(4)
Pages449-463
Publication size in sheets0
Keywords in EnglishHIV, natural disaster, self-efficacy, social support, posttraumatic growth, PTSD
DOIDOI:10.1080/10615800802403815
URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10615800802403815
Languageen angielski
File
Cieslak-Benight-Schmidt-Luszczynska-Curtin-Clark-Kissinger-2009.pdf of 14-09-2015
119.91 KB
Score (nominal)15
Citation count*148 (2020-09-29)
Additional fields
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=3381
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=3381
Cite
Share Share

Get link to the record


* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Back
Confirmation
Are you sure?