Effects of school-based interventions targeting obesity-related behaviors and body weight change: A systematic umbrella review

Magdalena Safron , Aleksandra Cisłak-Wójcik , Tania Gaspar , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska


This umbrella review analyzed the effectiveness of school-based interventions, applying body weight or behavioral outcomes. Twelve systematic reviews and five meta-analyses (examining 196 trials) were included. Results indicated that the effectiveness was usually referred to body weight or BMI change, with 1/3 of trials (per review) indicating significant changes in BMI or obesity prevalence. Meta-analyses yielded mixed effects (three showed significant changes in weight, BMI, or obesity). Interventions were more effective if they aimed at a reduction of sedentary behaviors, incorporated moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and parental involvement. The inclusion of a nutrition component moderated the long-term effects of interventions. More efficient interventions lasted at least 3 months, did not aim solely at environmental changes, and were implemented in general population. Female and younger participants may benefit more from the interventions. The role of psychological theories and behavioral or cognitive mediators was rarely investigated.
Author Magdalena Safron (Wydział Psychologii)
Magdalena Safron,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Aleksandra Cisłak-Wójcik
Aleksandra Cisłak-Wójcik,,
, Tania Gaspar
Tania Gaspar,,
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesBehavioral Medicine, ISSN 0896-4289, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2011
Publication size in sheets0
Keywords in Englishobesity prevention, adolescence, physical activity, nutrition, body mass index
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21347906
Languageen angielski
Safron-Cislak-Gaspar-Luszczynska-2011.pdf of 14-09-2015
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SchoolumbrellaBehMed2011.pdf of 14-09-2015
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SchoolumbrellaBehMed2011.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)20
Citation count*88 (2021-01-14)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=4012
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=4012
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=4327
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=4327
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=7167
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=7167
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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