Longitudinal relationships between self-efficacy, post-traumatic distress and salivary cortisol among motor vehicle accident survivors

Roman Cieślak , Charles C. Benight , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska , Mark L. Laudenslager


The present study tested if post-traumatic distress following a motor vehicle accident (MVA) and MVA-related self-efficacy beliefs were associated with diurnal salivary cortisol in the early post-traumatic period. Cortisol was collected upon awakening and at 1, 4 and 12 h after waking. Collection days were 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after MVA. A total of 30 participants provided their cortisol samples across all measurement points. Two methods for computing the area under the cortisol curve were used. Higher post-traumatic distress at 1 month predicted lower cortisol area under the curve (AUC) with respect to increase (AUCI, reflecting changes in cortisol secretions during daytime) at 3 months. AUC with respect to ground (AUCG, reflecting total cortisol release during daytime), measured at 1 month after trauma, predicted higher post-traumatic distress at 3 months. The results showed that self-efficacy at 1 week indirectly predicted 3-month AUCI through 1-month post-traumatic distress. These findings highlight the importance of self-efficacy and post-traumatic distress in explaining longitudinal diurnal patterns of cortisol secretion after trauma.
Author Roman Cieślak (Wydział Psychologii)
Roman Cieślak,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Charles C. Benight
Charles C. Benight,,
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Mark L. Laudenslager
Mark L. Laudenslager,,
Journal seriesStress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress, ISSN 1532-3005, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2011
Publication size in sheets0
Keywords in Englishdiurnal cortisol;post-traumatic stress disorder;self-efficacy;trauma
URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/smi.1379/abstract
Languageen angielski
Cieslak-Benight-Luszczynska-Laudenslager-Stress-Health2011.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Cieslak-Benight-Luszczynska-Laudenslager-2011.pdf of 14-09-2015
291.23 KB
Score (nominal)20
Citation count*16 (2021-01-14)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=4014
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=4014
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=6267
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=6267
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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