State Affect and Emotion-Focused Coping: Examining Correlated Change and Causality

Ewa Gruszczyńska


The purpose of the study was to verify whether two kinds of emotion-focused coping, namely strategies aimed at reducing negative emotions (palliative coping [PC]) and strategies aimed at inducing positive emotions (salutary coping [SC]) are related longitudinally to relevant affective states. Positive and negative state affects were assessed among 133 cardiac patients, along with coping strategies at three time points: a few days after myocardial infarction, one and 6 months later. Due to SC stability, the correlated change with affect was estimated only for PC, but the directionality was examined in all four affect-coping pairs. For uncomplementary pairs, the models with diagonal paths equal to zero fitted the data best. For the first complementary pair, i.e., negative affect-PC, reciprocal influences were revealed with both starting points and the amount of decline positively correlated. For the second pair, i.e., positive affect-SC, strategies consequently increased affect, whereas affect decreased SC, but only at first lag. Concluding, PC may be a behavioral manifestation of negative affect rather than reflective goal-oriented efforts. Although the relation between SC and positive affect is more complex, it still supports the idea of distinctiveness within the scope of emotion-focused coping.
Author Ewa Gruszczyńska (Wydział Psychologii)
Ewa Gruszczyńska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesAnxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal, ISSN 1061-5806, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2013
Publication size in sheets0.8
Keywords in Englishemotion-focused coping; state affect; cardiac patients; myocardial infarction; linear growth curve; cross-lagged analysis
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); 3203 Clinical Psychology; 3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology
Languageen angielski
GASC-A-633601-O.pdf of 14-09-2015
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ASC.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)30
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 1.128; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 1.692 (2) - 2013=2.274 (5)
Citation count*2 (2014-02-01)
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