State Affect and Emotion-Focused Coping: Examining Correlated Change and Causality
AbstractThe purpose of the study was to verify whether two kinds of emotion-focused coping, namely strategies aimed at reducing negative emotions (palliative coping [PC]) and strategies aimed at inducing positive emotions (salutary coping [SC]) are related longitudinally to relevant affective states. Positive and negative state affects were assessed among 133 cardiac patients, along with coping strategies at three time points: a few days after myocardial infarction, one and 6 months later. Due to SC stability, the correlated change with affect was estimated only for PC, but the directionality was examined in all four affect-coping pairs. For uncomplementary pairs, the models with diagonal paths equal to zero fitted the data best. For the first complementary pair, i.e., negative affect-PC, reciprocal influences were revealed with both starting points and the amount of decline positively correlated. For the second pair, i.e., positive affect-SC, strategies consequently increased affect, whereas affect decreased SC, but only at first lag. Concluding, PC may be a behavioral manifestation of negative affect rather than reflective goal-oriented efforts. Although the relation between SC and positive affect is more complex, it still supports the idea of distinctiveness within the scope of emotion-focused coping.
|Journal series||Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal, ISSN 1061-5806, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.8|
|Keywords in English||emotion-focused coping; state affect; cardiac patients; myocardial infarction; linear growth curve; cross-lagged analysis|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Publication indicators||: 2013 = 1.128; : 2013 = 1.692 (2) - 2013=2.274 (5)|
|Citation count*||2 (2014-02-01)|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=4087|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=4087|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.