Attention-driven bias for threat-related stimuli in implicit memory. Preliminary results from the Posner cueing paradigm

Jakub Traczyk , Paweł J. Matusz , Agata Sobków

Abstract

An implicit memory advantage for angry faces was investigated in this experiment by means of an additional cueing task. Participants were to assess the orientation of a triangle's peak, which side of presentation was cued informatively by angry and neutral face stimuli, after which they immediately completed an unexpected “old-new” task on a set of the previously presented faces and new, distractor-faces. Surprisingly, the RTs were similarly long on the invalid trials for angry and neutral facial cues in the Posner task. However, performance on the “old-new” task was better for angry than neutral faces. A strong correlation between RTs in angry-invalid trials and confidence ratings for these angry faces was observed only in highly reactive participants. These results suggest that presentation of threatening material can induce enhanced incidental encoding which can result in stronger familiarity for such material, and this effect is driven by attentional bias in highly reactive individuals.
Author Jakub Traczyk (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Jakub Traczyk,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Paweł J. Matusz
Paweł J. Matusz,,
-
, Agata Sobków (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Agata Sobków,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesPolish Psychological Bulletin, ISSN 0079-2993, e-ISSN 1641-7844, (B 15 pkt)
Issue year2010
Vol41
No4
Pages163-171
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
Abstract in PolishAn implicit memory advantage for angry faces was investigated in this experiment by means of an additional cueing task. Participants were to assess the orientation of a triangle's peak, which side of presentation was cued informatively by angry and neutral face stimuli, after which they immediately completed an unexpected “old-new” task on a set of the previously presented faces and new, distractor-faces. Surprisingly, the RTs were similarly long on the invalid trials for angry and neutral facial cues in the Posner task. However, performance on the “old-new” task was better for angry than neutral faces. A strong correlation between RTs in angry-invalid trials and confidence ratings for these angry faces was observed only in highly reactive participants. These results suggest that presentation of threatening material can induce enhanced incidental encoding which can result in stronger familiarity for such material, and this effect is driven by attentional bias in highly reactive individuals.
DOIDOI:10.2478/v10059-010-0021-3
URL http://versita.metapress.com/content/g666017025230246/fulltext.pdf
Languageen angielski
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ppb.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Traczyk-Matusz-Sobkow-2010-Attention-driven-bias-for-threat-related-stimuli-in-implicit-memory-Preliminary-results-from-the-Posner-cueing-2-.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)0
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2010 = 0.153
Citation count*1 (2020-09-27)
Additional fields
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=4209
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=4209
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=9970
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=9970
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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