Towards the development of a cross-cultural model of voter behavior: Comparative analysis of Poland and the US

Wojciech Cwalina , Andrzej Falkowski , Bruce Newman

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to reinterpret and test empirically Newman’s model of voter’s choice behavior, where three elements influencing the choice of a given candidate were included: the media’s role in the election, cognitive reasons to vote for, and emotional feelings toward the candidate. The data from Polish and U.S. 2000 presidential elections have been analyzed and compared. Design/methodology/approach: The research purpose is concerned with the measurement of the model’s seven domains of political object evaluation (issues and policies, emotional feelings, candidate image, current events, social imagery and epistemic issues), and its predictive power for the choice of a presidential candidate. The data is analyzed using the methodology of structural equations modeling, and is interpreted with the terms of mutual causal relationships between these domains. Findings: The key factor in influencing voting behavior is evoking positive emotions towards the candidate and then providing voters with a justification for such affect. However, this is especially applicable in an evolving democracy like Poland. In an established democracy like the United States, voters have already learned to more carefully analyze messages from presidential campaigns and they are more resistant to the unconscious power of affect. Furthermore, in the case of challengers, the media exerts a stronger influence on the valuation of their candidacies, but for incumbents, the role of the media is not so pervasive. Research limitations/implications: The main limitation of the results of this study is the non-representative character of the samples used and its size. Research should be carried out on a representative sample as the next step toward a complete verification of the voter behavior model. Practical implications: The reported results make it possible to elaborate more precisely and effectively strategies to segment voters and position candidates in the minds of voters. Political consultants can use the level of electorate cognitive stability to accurately control the media in political campaigns for their candidate.Originality/value: The paper presents an interdisciplinary and cross-cultural approach to analyzing and understanding voter behavior. It offers a baseline to carry out research in disciplines pertinent to political marketing, communication, and psychology.
Author Wojciech Cwalina (Wydział Psychologii)
Wojciech Cwalina,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Andrzej Falkowski (Wydział Psychologii)
Andrzej Falkowski,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Bruce Newman
Bruce Newman ,,
-
Journal seriesEuropean Journal of Marketing, ISSN 0309-0566, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2010
Vol44
No3/4
Pages351-368
Publication size in sheets0
Keywords in EnglishElections, Individual behaviour, Cognition, Cross-cultural management, Poland, United States of America
DOIDOI:10.1108/03090561011020462
URL http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/03090561011020462
Languageen angielski
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Cwalina-Falkowski-Newman-EJM-2010-1.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)20
Citation count*26 (2019-07-10)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=4587
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=4587
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=6171
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=6171
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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