The Attractive Female Body Weight and Female Body Dissatisfaction in 26 Countries Across 10 World Regions: Results of the International Body project I

Viren Swami , David A. Frederick , Toivo Aavik , Lidia Alcalay , Juri Allik , Donna Anderson , Sonny Andrianto , Arvind Arora , Ake Brannstrom , John Cunningham , Dariusz Danel , Krystyna Doroszewicz , Gordon B. Forbes , Adrian Furnham , Corina U. Greven , Jamin Halberstadt , Shuang Hao , Tanja Haubner , Choon Sup Hwang , Mary Inman , Jas Laile Jaafar , Jacob Johansson , Jaehee Jung , Askin Keser , Uta Kretzschmar , Lance Lachenicht , Norman P. Li , Kenneth Locke , Jan Erik Lönnqvist , Christy Lopez , Lynn Loutzenhiser , Natalya C Maisel , Marita P. McCabe , Donald R. McCreary , William F. McKibin , Alex Mussap , Felix Neto , Liane Pena Alampay , Subash K. Pillai , Alessandra Pokrajac - Bulian , Rene T. Proyer , Katinka Quintelier , Lina A. Ricciderlli , Malgorzata Rozmus - Wrzesinska , Willibad Ruch , Timothy Russo , Astrid Schutz , Todd K. Shackelford , Sheeba Shashidharan , Franco Simonetti , Dhachayani Sinniah , Mira Swami , Griet Vandermassen , Marijke van Duynslaeger , Markku Verkasalo , Martin Voracek , Curtis K. Yee , Echo Xian Zhang , Xiaoying Zhang , Ivanka Zivcic - Becirevic

Abstract

This study reports results from the first International Body Project (IBP-I), which surveyed 7,434 individuals in 10 major world regions about body weight ideals and body dissatisfaction. Participants completed the female Contour Drawing Figure Rating Scale (CDFRS) and self-reported their exposure to Western and local media. Results indicated there were significant cross-regional differences in the ideal female figure and body dissatisfaction, but effect sizes were small across high-socioeconomic-status (SES) sites. Within cultures, heavier bodies were preferred in low-SES sites compared to high-SES sites in Malaysia and South Africa (ds = 1.94-2.49) but not in Austria. Participant age, body mass index (BMI), and Western media exposure predicted body weight ideals. BMI and Western media exposure predicted body dissatisfaction among women. Our results show that body dissatisfaction and desire for thinness is commonplace in high-SES settings across world regions, highlighting the need for international attention to this problem.
Author Viren Swami
Viren Swami,,
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, David A. Frederick
David A. Frederick,,
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, Toivo Aavik
Toivo Aavik,,
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, Lidia Alcalay
Lidia Alcalay,,
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, Juri Allik
Juri Allik,,
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, Donna Anderson
Donna Anderson,,
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, Sonny Andrianto
Sonny Andrianto,,
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, Arvind Arora
Arvind Arora,,
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, Ake Brannstrom
Ake Brannstrom,,
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, John Cunningham
John Cunningham,,
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et al.`
Journal seriesPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin, ISSN 0146-1672, (A 40 pkt)
Issue year2010
Vol36
No3
Pages309-325
Publication size in sheets0
Keywords in Englishbody weight, body dissatisfaction, cross-cultural, socioeconomic differences, attractiveness, International Body Project
DOIDOI:10.1177/0146167209359702
URL http://psp.sagepub.com/content/36/3/309.abstract
Languageen angielski
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Score (nominal)32
Citation count*451 (2019-07-02)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=4711
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=4711
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