Work time control and mental health of employees working long hours: the role of gender and age

Dorota Żołnierczyk-Zreda , Sylwia Bedyńska , Magdalena Warszewska-Makuch


The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between work time control and mental health in workers working long hours. The study also attempted to show how that relationship depended on age and gender. Three hundred and six white-collar workers doing clerical work for over 8 h daily were diagnosed on work time control and mental health with the 28-item General Health Questionnaire. The results of an analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that participants working long hours but having high control over their work time had a significantly higher level of their mental health with regard to somatic complaints and anxiety and marginally higher with regard to social dysfunction than workers with low control over their work time. Male and female workers reported different problems with their mental health depending on what age (stage of life) they were at. It is hypothesized that the work–family conflict, inability to fulfil social commitments and poor working conditions can influence those effects.
Author Dorota Żołnierczyk-Zreda
Dorota Żołnierczyk-Zreda,,
, Sylwia Bedyńska (Wydział Psychologii)
Sylwia Bedyńska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Magdalena Warszewska-Makuch
Magdalena Warszewska-Makuch,,
Journal seriesInternational Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, ISSN 1080-3548, (A 15 pkt)
Issue year2012
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishlong working hours, work time control, somatic complaints, anxiety social dysfunction, depression
ASJC Classification2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health; 3311 Safety Research; 2213 Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Languageen angielski
Zolnierczyk-Bedynska-Warszewska-2012-JOSE.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)15
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 0.62; WoS Impact Factor: 2012 = 0.494 (2) - 2012=0.527 (5)
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