A role for the right prefrontal and bilateral parietal cortex in four-term transitive reasoning: An fMRI study with abstract linear syllogism tasks

Aneta Brzezicka , Grzegorz Sędek , Artur Marchewka , Mateusz Gola , Katarzyna Jednoróg , Leszek Królicki , Andrzej Wróbel

Abstract

Previous imaging studies have identified many brain regions activated during reasoning, but there are differences among thefindings concerning specific regions engaged in reasoning and the contribution of language areas. Also, little is known aboutthe relation between task complexity and neural activation during reasoning. The present fMRI study investigated brainactivity during complex four-term transitive reasoning with abstract material (determinate or partially indeterminate) andcompared the resulting images to those obtained during a memorization task. The memory condition required subjects tomemorize unrelated elements whereas the reasoning conditions required them to integrate information from premises and toinfer relations between elements. After contrasting the two kinds of reasoning conditions with the memory condition wefound that right prefrontal and bilateral parietal regions are specifically activated during reasoning. We also demonstratedthat different reasoning requirements – the possibility of constructing one (determined reasoning) versus several(undetermined reasoning) models of a situation during task solving – lead to different patterns of brain activity, with higherprefrontal (PFC) activity accompanying undetermined reasoning. We interpret the PFC activity as a reflection of simultaneousmaintenance and manipulation of information in reasoning. These findings provide new evidence that specific forms ofreasoning (abstract and undetermined) demand recruitment of right PFC and hemispheric coordination and lend new supportto the mental model theory of relational reasoning.
Author Aneta Brzezicka (Wydział Psychologii)
Aneta Brzezicka,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Grzegorz Sędek (Wydział Psychologii)
Grzegorz Sędek,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Artur Marchewka (Wydział Psychologii)
Artur Marchewka,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Mateusz Gola (Wydział Psychologii)
Mateusz Gola,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Katarzyna Jednoróg
Katarzyna Jednoróg,,
-
, Leszek Królicki
Leszek Królicki,,
-
, Andrzej Wróbel (Wydział Nauk Humanistycznych i Społecznych)
Andrzej Wróbel,,
- Wydział Nauk Humanistycznych i Społecznych
Journal seriesActa Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, ISSN 0065-1400, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2011
Vol71(4)
Pages479-495
Publication size in sheets0
Keywords in Englishtransitive reasoning, neuroimaging, prefrontal cortex, parietal cortex
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22237494
Languageen angielski
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11-A-role-for-the-right-prefrontal-and-bilateral-parietal-cortex-in-four-term-transitive-reasoning-Brzezicka-Marchewka-Gola-Jednorog-Krolicki-Wrobel.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Brzezicka-Sedek-et-alACTA2011.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)15
Citation count*27 (2020-09-23)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=7022
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=7022
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=7520
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=7520
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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