How we empathize with others: a neurobiological perspective

Kamila Jankowiak-Siuda , Krystyna Rymarczyk , Anna Grabowska


Empathy allows us to internally simulate the affective and cognitive mental states of others. Neurobiological studies suggest that empathy is a complex phenomenon, which can be described using a model that includes 2 modes of processing: bottom-up and top-down. Bottom-up neural processing is achieved via the mirroring representation systems that play a key role in the direct sharing of the emotional states of others. Top-down processing, known as cognitive perspective-taking or theory of mind, where the feelings of others are fully imagined and understood, is based on control and inhibition mechanisms. Available evidence indicates that empathic brain responses are likely to be influenced by several different modulating factors.
Author Kamila Jankowiak-Siuda
Kamila Jankowiak-Siuda,,
, Krystyna Rymarczyk
Krystyna Rymarczyk,,
, Anna Grabowska (Wydział Psychologii)
Anna Grabowska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesMedical Monitor Science, (0 pkt)
Issue year2011
Vol17 (1)
Publication size in sheets0
Languageen angielski
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