Appraisal of suicidal risk among adolescents and young adults throug the Rorschach test

Sybilla Błasczyk-Schiep , Miguel Kazen , Julius Kuhl , Michal Grygielski

Abstract

Abstract The aims of this study are to investigate suicidal behaviors among adolescents and young adults and to test an index composed using Rorschach test responses related to an increased risk of suicide. Using a cross-sectional design, 4 groups were studied (according to criteria of the Columbia Classification Algorithm of Suicide Assessment [Posner, Oquendo, Gould, Stanley, & Davies, 2007]): A group with suicidal ideation (n = 30), a group with parasuicidal behavior (n = 30), a group with near-lethal suicide attempts (n = 26), and a control group (n = 30). Responses to the Rorschach test yielded 6 potential indicators of suicidal behavior (scored according to Exner's Comprehensive System and the Suicidal Index for Adolescents; Silberg & Armstrong, 1992). Rorschach scores including at least 4 of these 6 indicators selected 69% of the people who had committed serious suicide attempts. The Rorschach Suicidal Index reached an acceptable reliability and was related to other criteria of suicide risk, such as the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; Beck, Ward, Mendelsohn, Mock, & Erbaugh, 1961) and Linehan Reasons for Living Inventory (RFL–I; Linehan, Goodstein, Nielsen, & Chiles, 1983). Moreover, the Rorschach Suicidal Index showed incremental validity over the BDI and the RFL–I to predict suicidal behavior. A path analysis additionally showed that low social support was an important mediator between the Rorschach Suicidal Index and the number of suicide attempts committed by participants.
Author Sybilla Błasczyk-Schiep (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Sybilla Błasczyk-Schiep,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Miguel Kazen
Miguel Kazen,,
-
, Julius Kuhl
Julius Kuhl,,
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, Michal Grygielski
Michal Grygielski,,
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Journal seriesJournal of Personality Assessment, ISSN 0022-3891, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2011
Vol93 (5)
Pages518-526
Publication size in sheets0
DOIDOI:10.1080/00223891.2011.5941.30
URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00223891.2011.594130
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JPA-article-S-Blasczyk-Schiep-1.pdf of 14-09-2015
665.79 KB
Score (nominal)30
Citation count*
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=7275
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=7275
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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