On the intentional control of conditioned evaluative responses

Robert Balas , Bertram Gawronski

Abstract

The evaluative conditioning (EC) effect is defined as a change in the evaluation of a conditioned stimulus (CS) due to its pairing with a valenced unconditioned stimulus (US). The current research investigated the controllability of EC effects by asking participants to either promote or prevent the influence of CS–US pairings before they provided evaluative ratings of the CS. Experiment 1 showed that instructions to maximize or minimize the influence of CS–US pairings moderated EC effects in line with task instructions. However, this moderation was observed only when participants were able to recall the valence of the US that had been paired with a given CS. When participants failed to remember the valence of the US, significant EC effects emerged regardless of control instructions. Experiment 2 tested whether the influence of CS–US pairings on CS evaluations can be intentionally reversed. The results showed that reversal instructions led to a reverse EC effect when participants were able to recall the valence of the US that had been paired with a given CS, but not when they were unable to recall the valence of the US. Taken together, these results suggest that US valence memory is a necessary precondition for controlling the expression of a conditioned evaluative response, but it is not a necessary precondition for the emergence of EC effects per se.
Author Robert Balas (Wydział Psychologii)
Robert Balas,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Bertram Gawronski
Bertram Gawronski,,
-
Journal seriesLearning and Motivation, ISSN 0023-9690, (C 25 pkt)
Issue year2012
Vol43
No3
Pages89-98
Keywords in EnglishAttitude expression, Contingency memory, Evaluative conditioning, Judgmental correction
ASJC Classification3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology; 3304 Education; 3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology; 3206 Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology; 3306 Health(social science)
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.lmot.2012.06.003
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0023969012000239?np=y
Languageen angielski
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Score (nominal)15
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 0.742; WoS Impact Factor: 2012 = 0.673 (2) - 2012=0.752 (5)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=8858
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=8858
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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