A Cross-cultural Evaluation of Temperament: Japan, U.S.A., Poland and Russia

Masha Gartstein , Helena Slobodskaya , Piotr Żylicz , Dorta Gosztyła , Atsuko Nakagawa

Abstract

The present study represents an attempt to investigate early development of temperament across four cultures: Japan, United States of America (U.S), Poland, and Russia, through a cross-sectional design. Selection of these countries presented an opportunity to conduct comparisons between cultures that vary on the individualistic/collectivistic value systems. Parents responded to the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised, with U.S. and Polish infants received the highest ratings for a number of Positive Affectivity/Surgency dimensions: Smiling and Laughter, High Intensity Pleasure, Perceptual Sensitivity, Approach, and Vocal Reactivity. Japanese and Russian infants were characterized as demonstrating the highest and the second highest levels of fearfulness, respectively, with U.S. and Polish infants receiving relatively lower ratings from their caregivers. Age and gender differences were observed across all four cultures. Significant gender differences emerged for High Intensity Pleasure and Approach, with males receiving higher scores than females. Older infants were perceived by their caregivers as exhibiting higher levels of Distress to Limitations and Fear compared to the younger age group.
Author Masha Gartstein
Masha Gartstein,,
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, Helena Slobodskaya
Helena Slobodskaya,,
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, Piotr Żylicz (Wydział Psychologii)
Piotr Żylicz,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Dorta Gosztyła
Dorta Gosztyła,,
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, Atsuko Nakagawa
Atsuko Nakagawa,,
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Journal seriesInternational Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, (0 pkt)
Issue year2010
Vol10
No1
Pages55-75
Publication size in sheets1
Keywords in EnglishTemperament, infancy, cross-cultural comparisons
URL www.ijpsy.com/.../a-cross-cultural-evaluation-of-t
Languageen angielski
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a-cross-cultural-evaluation-of-temperament_nadbitka.pdf of 01-01-0001
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Score (nominal)4
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=9008
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=9008
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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