Friends (and Sometimes Enemies) With Cognitive Benefits What Types of Social Interactions Boost Executive Functioning?

Oscar Ybarra , Piotr Winkielman , Irene Yeh , Eugene Burnstein , Liam Kavanagh

Abstract

Recent findings indicate interventions can boost executive functions—mental processes that have long been thought to be static and not open to change. The authors examined whether and how short-term social interactions could create such cognitive benefits. Study 1 found that basic get-to-know-you interactions (with or without an explicit cooperative goal) boosted executive function relative to controls and as much as nonsocial intellective activities. In contrast, interactions involving a competitive goal resulted in no boosts. Studies 2 and 3 tested a proposed mechanism for the results—that people need to engage with others and take their perspective to realize cognitive boosts. The findings show that competitive interactions, if structured to allow for interpersonal engagement, can boost executive functions. The results highlight how social functioning can enhance core mental capacities.
Author Oscar Ybarra
Oscar Ybarra,,
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, Piotr Winkielman (Wydział Psychologii)
Piotr Winkielman,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Irene Yeh
Irene Yeh,,
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, Eugene Burnstein (Wydział Psychologii)
Eugene Burnstein,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Liam Kavanagh
Liam Kavanagh,,
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Journal seriesSocial Psychological and Personality Science, (0 pkt)
Issue year2011
Vol2(3)
Pages253-261
Publication size in sheets0
Keywords in Englishexecutive function, socializing, cooperation, competition, mind reading
DOIDOI:10.1177/1948550610386808
URL http://spp.sagepub.com/content/early/2010/10/09/1948550610386808
Languageen angielski
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Ybarra-et-al-Friends-with-Cognitive-Benefits-SPPS-2011.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Ybarra-Winkielman-Yeh-Burnstein-Kavanagh-Friends-with-Benefits-SPPS-2011.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)4
Citation count*56 (2020-11-25)
Additional fields
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=9062
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=9062
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=12822
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=12822
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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