When and why do young people tend to cooperate?

Anna Zalewska , Beata Krzywosz-Rynkiewicz

Abstract

The study explored young people’s tendency for cooperation in different social conditions and explanations of behaviour given by them. Cooperation seems to be an important part of citizenship behaviour. Here, it is defined as a tendency to maximize common payoff. According to the Homo economicus theory, people are egoistic entities and should make rational decisions based on maximizing personal payoffs. According to the conception of Homo reciprocans, people tend to be cooperative only if their perceive partners’ behaviour as fair. In the context of contemporary research, both of these theories over-simplify behaviour, since tendency to cooperate depends on differences in culture and economic development, as well as on situational rules. In the present study, the Ultimatum Game was conducted to explore students’ cooperative behaviour (accepting proposals) as a response to Selfish, Equal or Altruistic offers in three conditions – ‘face to face’, ‘town to town’ (long distance, with a partner from another town) or ‘country to country’ (with a partner from another country). This modification of standard experiment procedure was unique and allowed to examine the role of situational context. Altogether 1013 students (aged 9–19) from Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom participated in the game as acceptors. Their cooperative behaviour depended on offers made by partners. However, the patterns were moderated by game conditions: young people tended to cooperate mostly in response to equal offers and in the ‘face-to-face’ condition and to punish (not cooperate) partners with the same nationality (‘face-to-face’ or ‘town-to-town’ condition) for Selfish offers and foreigners (‘country to country’ condition) for Altruistic offers.  Keywords: cooperative behaviours, Ultimatum Game, young people, citizenship, equality, altruism
Author Anna Zalewska (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu)
Anna Zalewska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu
, Beata Krzywosz-Rynkiewicz
Beata Krzywosz-Rynkiewicz,,
-
Journal seriesCitizenship Teaching and Learning, ISSN 1751-1917, (0 pkt)
Issue year2013
Vol8
No2
Pages215-231
Publication size in sheets0.8
ASJC Classification3300 General Social Sciences
DOIDOI:10.1386/ctl.8.2.215_1
URL http://www.intellectbooks.co.uk/journals../view-issue,id=2440/
Languageen angielski
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Score (nominal)3
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 0
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=9411
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=9411
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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