Secondary Trauma Self-Efficacy: Concept and Its Measurement

Roman Cieślak , Kotaro Shoji , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska , Sandra Taylor , Anna Rogala , Charles C. Benight


The Secondary Trauma Self-Efficacy (STSE) Scale was developed and psychometrically evaluated in 2 studies targeting populations indirectly exposed to traumatic events through work with traumatized clients. Study 1 enrolled behavioral health professionals (n = 247) providing trauma therapy for military clients in the United States. Study 2 investigated characteristics of the STSE Scale among health care and social workers (nT1 = 306, nT2 = 193) providing services for trauma victims and survivors in Poland. Rooted in social cognitive theory, the 7-item STSE Scale is used to evaluate perceived ability to cope with the challenging demands resulting from work with traumatized clients and perceived ability to deal with the secondary traumatic stress symptoms. In both studies, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis showed unidimensionality of the scale. The results indicated good internal consistency of the STSE Scale and its stability over time. STSE correlated highly or moderately with secondary traumatic stress symptoms. Comparatively, associations between STSE and perceived social support, secondary traumatic growth, and negative beliefs about the world and self were either moderate or low. The STSE factor structure and pattern of correlations with the validity measures were invariant across the 2 studies, which indicated that the STSE Scale may be a culturally unbiased instrument.
Author Roman Cieślak (Wydział Psychologii)
Roman Cieślak,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Kotaro Shoji
Kotaro Shoji,,
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Sandra Taylor
Sandra Taylor,,
, Anna Rogala (Wydział Psychologii)
Anna Rogala,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Charles C. Benight
Charles C. Benight,,
Journal seriesPsychological Assessment, ISSN 1040-3590, (A 40 pkt)
Issue year2013
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in Englishsecondary traumatic stress, self-efficacy, measurement validity, measurement reliability
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 3203 Clinical Psychology
Languageen angielski
Cieslak-et-al-Psychological-Assessment-2013.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Cieslak-Shoji-Luszczynska-Taylor-Rogala-Benight-2013.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)40
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 1.636; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 2.84 (2) - 2013=4.147 (5)
Citation count*71 (2021-01-18)
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