The emotional state of Crohn’s disease patients: the function of gender, disease stage and duration
Aleksandra Kroemeke , Dominika Jankiewicz
AbstractIntroduction: Coping with illness, such as Crohn’s disease (CD), is a stressful situation, which affects patients’ wellbeing. Patients’ emotional state is usually dominated by negative emotions/affect (NA), but positive affect (PA) also coincides. Emotions of the chronically ill are dynamic and dependent on various factors. Aim of the study: This study aimed at testing whether the emotional state of patients with CD depends on the duration of the disease, its stage and subject’s sex. Material and methods: One hundred fifty patients took part in the study: women (n=71) and men (n=79), in relapse (n=90) and remission (n=60) with CD duration of average 5.29±5.12 years. Emotions were assessed by means of the Emotional State Questionnaire. Results: The results of MANOVA showed a significant main effect for gender (Gender; women experienced more negative emotions, while men – positive ones), disease duration (Duration; short time duration, one year and less, was associated with lower level of positive affect) and stage (Stage: predominance of PA in remission and NA – in relapse). Also, significant first-degree interaction effect Stage × Duration for NA and second-degree Gender × Stage × Duration for PA were obtained. Conclusions: The study on the patients’ emotional states should rather comprise both negative and positive affects. Moreover, in the light of the results, clinicians’ attention ought to be directed not only at those who suffered short time and in relapse, but also at those in remission and in particular women.
|Journal series||Gastroenterologia Polska, ISSN 1232-9886, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Crohn’s disease, adjustment, emotions, gender differences|
|Publication indicators||: 2014 = 0.08|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=13833|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=13833|
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