Secondary traumatic stress among mental health providers working with the military: prevalence and its work- and exposure-related correlates

Roman Cieślak , Valerie Anderson , Judith Bock , Bret A. Moore , Alan L. Peterson , Charles C. Benight


Our research assessed the prevalence of secondary traumatic stress (STS) among mental health providers working with military patients. We also investigated personal, work-related, and exposure-related correlates of STS. Finally, using meta-analysis, the mean level of STS symptoms in this population was compared with the mean level of these symptoms in other groups. Participants (N = 224) completed measures of indirect exposure to trauma (i.e., diversity, volume, frequency, ratio), appraisal of secondary exposure impact, direct exposure to trauma, STS, and work characteristics. The prevalence of STS was 19.2%. Personal history of trauma, complaints about having too many patients, and more negative appraisals of the impact caused by an indirect exposure to trauma were associated with higher frequency of STS symptoms. A meta-analysis showed that the severity of intrusion, avoidance, and arousal symptoms of STS was similar across various groups of professionals indirectly exposed to trauma (e.g., mental health providers, rescue workers, social workers).
Author Roman Cieślak (Wydział Psychologii)
Roman Cieślak,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Valerie Anderson
Valerie Anderson,,
, Judith Bock
Judith Bock,,
, Bret A. Moore
Bret A. Moore,,
, Alan L. Peterson
Alan L. Peterson,,
, Charles C. Benight
Charles C. Benight,,
Journal seriesJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease, ISSN 0022-3018, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2013
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
Languageen angielski
Cieslak-Anderson-Bock-Moore-Peterson-Benight-2013.pdf of 14-09-2015
325.07 KB
Score (nominal)25
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 1.094; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 1.812 (2) - 2013=2.228 (5)
Citation count*90 (2021-02-27)
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