Secondary traumatic stress among mental health providers working with the military: prevalence and its work- and exposure-related correlates
Roman Cieślak , Valerie Anderson , Judith Bock , Bret A. Moore , Alan L. Peterson , Charles C. Benight
AbstractOur research assessed the prevalence of secondary traumatic stress (STS) among mental health providers working with military patients. We also investigated personal, work-related, and exposure-related correlates of STS. Finally, using meta-analysis, the mean level of STS symptoms in this population was compared with the mean level of these symptoms in other groups. Participants (N = 224) completed measures of indirect exposure to trauma (i.e., diversity, volume, frequency, ratio), appraisal of secondary exposure impact, direct exposure to trauma, STS, and work characteristics. The prevalence of STS was 19.2%. Personal history of trauma, complaints about having too many patients, and more negative appraisals of the impact caused by an indirect exposure to trauma were associated with higher frequency of STS symptoms. A meta-analysis showed that the severity of intrusion, avoidance, and arousal symptoms of STS was similar across various groups of professionals indirectly exposed to trauma (e.g., mental health providers, rescue workers, social workers).
|Journal series||Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, ISSN 0022-3018, (A 25 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Publication indicators||: 2013 = 1.094; : 2013 = 1.812 (2) - 2013=2.228 (5)|
|Citation count*||90 (2021-02-27)|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=13910|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=13910|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.