Social support and postdeployment coping self-efficacy as predictors of distress among combat veterans

Andrew Smith , Charles C. Benight , Roman Cieślak


This study evaluated the indirect effect of received social support on distress severity (i.e., posttraumatic stress and depression symptom severity) among 89 combat veterans. Through integrating the social support deterioration deterrence model and the enabling hypothesis, mediating roles of perceived social support and self-efficacy specific to postdeployment adaptation were investigated. Results showed that (a) received social support and perceived social support were not related, and (b) both received and perceived social support indirectly predicted distress severity (posttraumatic stress and depression symptom severity) through postdeployment coping self-efficacy. Specifically, high received and perceived social support independently predicted high postdeployment coping self-efficacy, and high postdeployment coping self-efficacy predicted lower distress severity levels. Theory enhancement and future research needs are discussed.
Author Andrew Smith
Andrew Smith,,
, Charles C. Benight
Charles C. Benight,,
, Roman Cieślak (Wydział Psychologii)
Roman Cieślak,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesMilitary Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2013
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishsocial support, posttraumatic stress, depression, self-efficacy, veterans
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology; 3301 Social Sciences (miscellaneous); 3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Languageen angielski
Smith-Benight-Cieslak-2013.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)20
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 0.573; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 0.64 (2) - 2013=0.773 (5)
Citation count*86 (2021-01-18)
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