Distinguishing healthy adults from people with social anxiety disorder: Evidence for the value of experiential avoidance and positive emotions in everyday social interactions

T. B. Kashdan , A.S. Farmer , Leah M. Adams , P. Ferssizidis , P.E. McKnight , John Nezlek

Abstract

Despite the increased attention that researchers have paid to social anxiety disorder (SAD), compared with other anxiety and mood disorders, relatively little is known about the emotional and social factors that distinguish individuals who meet diagnostic criteria from those who do not. In this study, participants with and without a diagnosis of SAD (generalized subtype) described their daily face-to-face social interactions for 2 weeks using handheld computers. We hypothesized that, compared with healthy controls, individuals diagnosed with SAD would experience fewer positive emotions, rely more on experiential avoidance (of anxiety), and have greater self-control depletion (feeling mentally and physically exhausted after socializing), after accounting for social anxiety, negative emotions, and feelings of belonging during social interactions. We found that compared with healthy controls, individuals with SAD experienced weaker positive emotions and greater experiential avoidance, but there were no differences in self-control depletion between groups. Moreover, the differences we found could not be attributed to comorbid anxiety or depressive disorders. Our results suggest that negative emotions alone do not fully distinguish normal from pathological social anxiety, and that assessing social anxiety disorder should include impairments in positive emotional experiences and dysfunctional emotion regulation (in the form of experiential avoidance) in social situations.
Author T. B. Kashdan
T. B. Kashdan,,
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, A.S. Farmer
A.S. Farmer,,
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, Leah M. Adams
Leah M. Adams,,
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, P. Ferssizidis
P. Ferssizidis,,
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, P.E. McKnight
P.E. McKnight,,
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, John Nezlek (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu)
John Nezlek,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu
Journal seriesJournal of Abnormal Psychology, ISSN 0021-843X, (A 45 pkt)
Issue year2013
Vol122
No3
Pages645-655
Publication size in sheets0
ASJC Classification3203 Clinical Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1037/a0032733
URL http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2013-22747-001/
Languageen angielski
File
2013-J-Abnormal.pdf of 14-09-2015
21.23 KB
Score (nominal)45
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 2.149; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 4.974 (2) - 2013=6.342 (5)
Citation count*128 (2020-09-26)
Additional fields
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=14379
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=14379
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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