The Association Between Automatic Thoughts About Eating, The Actual--Ideal Weight Discrepancies, and Eating Disorders Symptoms: A Longitudinal Study in Late Adolescence

Karolina Zarychta , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska , U. Scholz

Abstract

ObjectiveThis study tested the reciprocal relationships between automatic thoughts about eating and the actual–ideal weight discrepancies, and their role in the formation and maintenance of eating disorders (ED) symptoms in a non-clinical sample of adolescents. In particular, we investigated whether thoughts about eating mediated the effects of weight discrepancies on ED formation and whether weight discrepancies mediated the effects of thoughts about eating on ED formation were investigated. MethodData were collected three times, with a 2-month interval between Time 1 (T1) and Time 2 (T2), and a 9-month interval between T2 and Time 3 (T3). Adolescents (N = 55) aged 15–18 filled out the SCOFF Questionnaire, assessing eating disorders symptoms, and the Eating Disorder Thoughts Questionnaire, evaluating automatic thoughts. To assess weight discrepancies questions about actual (subjectively reported) and ideal body weight were asked followed by objective measurement of height and weight. ResultsNegative thoughts about eating (T2) mediated the relation between weight discrepancies (T1) and symptoms of anorexia and bulimia (T3). In addition, the association between negative thoughts (T1) and eating disorders symptoms (T3) was mediated by weight discrepancies (T2). ConclusionThe negative thoughts and the actual (both subjectively reported and objectively measured)–ideal weight discrepancies constitute a vicious cycle, related to higher ED symptoms. Prevention of eating disorders should be directed to adolescents who manifest large weight discrepancies or high levels of negative thoughts about eating, as they are at risk for developing eating disorder symptoms.
Author Karolina Zarychta (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Zarychta,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, U. Scholz
U. Scholz,,
-
Journal seriesEating and Weight Disorders-Studies on Anorexia Bulimia and Obesity, ISSN 1124-4909, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2014
Vol19
Pages199-207
Publication size in sheets0
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 3203 Clinical Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1007/s40519-014-0099-2
URL http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs40519-014-0099-2
Languageen angielski
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Score (nominal)20
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 0.449; WoS Impact Factor: 2014 = 0.785 (2) - 2014=0.97 (5)
Citation count*18 (2020-07-07)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=14883
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=14883
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=15288
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=15288
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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