Human orientation as a new cultural dimension of the GLOBE project: A validation study of the GLOBE scale and out-gropup humane orientation in 25 countries

Olivier Schlosser , Michael Frese , Anna-Maria Heintze , Musaed Al-Najjar , Thomas Arciszewski , Elias Besevegis , George D. Bishop , Mirilla Bonnes , Chris W. Clegg , Ewa Drozdowska-Senkowska , Maurucio Gaborit , Darya Grazon , Tia G. B. Hansen , Irena Heszen , Marta Juhasz , Mary A. Keating , Wustari Mangudjaya , Norma Mansor , Jacqueline Mitchelson , Alejandra Ortiz-Reynoso , Janak Pandey , Ubolwanna Pavakanun , Vassilis Pavoulopolus , Jose M. Peiro , Kristina Potocnik , Maria H. Restrepo-Espinosa , Norbert Semmer , Anton Tupinamba , Elizabeth Ventura , Matthew Whoolery , Kan Zhang

Abstract

We validate, extend, and empirically and theoretically criticize the cultural dimension of humane orientation of the project GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Research Program, House et al., 2004). Theoretically, humane orientation is not just a one-dimensionally positive concept about being caring, altruistic, and kind to others as discussed by Kabaskal and Bodur (2004), but there is also a certain ambivalence to this concept. We suggest differentiating humane orientation toward in-group members from humane orientation toward out-group members. A multi-country construct validation study used students samples from 25 countries that were either high or low in humane orientation (N = 876), and studied their relation to the traditional GLOBE scale and other cultural-level measures (agreeableness, religiosity, authoritarianism, and welfare state score). Findings revealed a strong correlation between humane orientation and agreeableness, welfare state score, and religiosity. Out-group humane orientation proved to be the more relevant sub-facet of the original humane orientation construct, suggesting that future research on humane orientation should make use of this measure instead of the vague original scale. The ambivalent character of out-group humane orientation is displayed in its positive correlation to high authoritarianism. Patriotism was used as a control variable for non-critical acceptance of one’s society but did not change the correlations. Our findings are discussed as an example of how rigid expectations and a lack of tolerance for diversity may help explain the ambivalent nature of humane orientation.
Author Olivier Schlosser
Olivier Schlosser,,
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, Michael Frese
Michael Frese,,
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, Anna-Maria Heintze
Anna-Maria Heintze,,
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, Musaed Al-Najjar
Musaed Al-Najjar,,
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, Thomas Arciszewski
Thomas Arciszewski,,
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, Elias Besevegis
Elias Besevegis,,
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, George D. Bishop
George D. Bishop,,
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, Mirilla Bonnes
Mirilla Bonnes,,
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, Chris W. Clegg
Chris W. Clegg,,
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, Ewa Drozdowska-Senkowska
Ewa Drozdowska-Senkowska,,
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et al.`
Journal seriesJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, ISSN 0022-0221, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2013
Vol44
No4
Pages535-551
Publication size in sheets0.8
ASJC Classification3314 Anthropology; 3316 Cultural Studies; 3207 Social Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1177/0022022112465671
URL http://jcc.sagepub.com/content/early/2012/11/04/0022022112465671
Languageen angielski
File
Heszen9.pdf of 14-09-2015
62.3 KB
Score (nominal)30
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 1.725; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 1.746 (2) - 2013=2.122 (5)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=15114
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=15114
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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