Cultivating Secondary Traumatic Growth among Healthcare Workers: The Role of Social Support and Self-Efficacy

Kotaro Shoji , Judith Bock , Roman CIeślak , Katarzyna Żukowska , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska , Charles C. Benight


Objective This 2-study longitudinal investigation examined the indirect effects of secondary traumatic stress (STS) on secondary traumatic growth via two mediators: perceived social support and secondary trauma self-efficacy. In particular, we tested if the 2 hypothetical mediators operate sequentially, that is, with secondary trauma self-efficacy facilitating social support (i.e., cultivation hypothesis) and/or social support enhancing self-efficacy (i.e., enabling hypothesis).Method Participants in Study 1 (N = 293 at Time 1, N = 115 at Time 2) were behavioral healthcare providers working with U.S. military personnel suffering from trauma. Study 2 was conducted among Polish healthcare workers (N = 298 at Time 1, N = 189 at Time 2) providing services for civilian survivors of traumatic events.Results In both studies, multiple mediational analyses showed evidence for the cultivation hypothesis. The relationship between STS at Time 1 and secondary traumatic growth at Time 2 was mediated sequentially by secondary trauma self-efficacy at Time 1 and social support at Time 2. The enabling hypothesis was not supported.Conclusion Education and development programs for healthcare workers may benefit from boosting self-efficacy with the intent to facilitate perceived social support.​
Author Kotaro Shoji
Kotaro Shoji,,
, Judith Bock
Judith Bock,,
, Roman CIeślak (Wydział Psychologii)
Roman CIeślak,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Katarzyna Żukowska (Wydział Psychologii)
Katarzyna Żukowska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Charles C. Benight
Charles C. Benight,,
Journal seriesJournal of Clinical Psychology, ISSN 0021-9762, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2014
Publication size in sheets0.75
ASJC Classification1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); 3203 Clinical Psychology
Languageen angielski
Shoji-et-al-J-Clin-Psychol-2014.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Shoji-Cieslak-et-al-2014.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Shoji-Cieslak-et-al-2014.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)30
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 1.401; WoS Impact Factor: 2014 = 2.019 (2) - 2014=2.677 (5)
Citation count*81 (2021-04-15)
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