Memory and self-esteem: The role of agentic and communal content

Bogdan Wojciszke , Paulina Sobiczewska

Abstract

The Double Perspective Model (DPM) assumes that every social interaction involves two perspectives – of the agent (a person who performs an action) and of the recipient (a person at whom the action is directed). Agency and communion constitute two basic dimensions of social cognition because they denote these two perspectives. In effect, interpersonal evaluations (made from the recipient perspective) are dominated by communal over agentic content. The present study experimentally showed that self-evaluations (made from the agentic perspective) are dominated by agentic over communal content. Participants were primed with negative or positive information involving agency or communion of the self or another person. Whereas the global evaluation of others was influenced by both agentic and communal primes, the global evaluation of self (self-esteem) was influenced by agentic but not communal primes. These findings are discussed as an evidence for DPM. Key words: agency, communion, self-esteem,
Author Bogdan Wojciszke (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Bogdan Wojciszke,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
, Paulina Sobiczewska
Paulina Sobiczewska,,
-
Journal seriesSocial Psychology, ISSN 1864-9335, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2013
Vol44
Pages95-103
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology; 3312 Sociology and Political Science; 1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); 3207 Social Psychology
Abstract in PolishThe Double Perspective Model (DPM) assumes that every social interaction involves two perspectives – of the agent (a person who performs an action) and of the recipient (a person at whom the action is directed). Agency and communion constitute two basic dimensions of social cognition because they denote these two perspectives. In effect, interpersonal evaluations (made from the recipient perspective) are dominated by communal over agentic content. The present study experimentally showed that self-evaluations (made from the agentic perspective) are dominated by agentic over communal content. Participants were primed with negative or positive information involving agency or communion of the self or another person. Whereas the global evaluation of others was influenced by both agentic and communal primes, the global evaluation of self (self-esteem) was influenced by agentic but not communal primes. These findings are discussed as an evidence for DPM. Key words: agency, communion, self-esteem,
DOIDOI:10.1027/1864-9335/a000149
Languageen angielski
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Wojciszke-Sobiczewska-2013.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)25
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 0.789; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 1.19 (2) - 2013=1.343 (5)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=15529
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=15529
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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