Role of Mental Simulations in the Weight Loss Process

Magdalena Marszał-Wiśniewska , Ewa Jarczewska-Gerc

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to verify the influence of various mental simulations on the effectiveness and persistence of weight loss processes. In study one, 40 female students (aged 19–27, M = 23) who were eager to lose weight were randomly assigned to one of four groups: positive outcome simulation, process simulations, mixed simulations (process followed by negative outcome), and control (no simulations). Students from the mixed and process simulation groups lost significantly more weight after five weeks than participants from the outcome simulation and control groups. A total of 106 females (aged 19–45, M = 29) participated in study two, in which five types of mental simulations were tested. Besides the images used in study one, process followed by positive outcome simulations and negative outcome simulations were implemented. Results showed that process followed by positive outcome simulations lead to the highest persistence in the weight loss process, while process followed by negative outcome simulations induced the greatest reduction in weight. Both studies revealed self-regulatory benefits from mental simulations in difficult and long-term personal goal attainment.
Author Magdalena Marszał-Wiśniewska (Wydział Psychologii)
Magdalena Marszał-Wiśniewska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Ewa Jarczewska-Gerc (Wydział Psychologii)
Ewa Jarczewska-Gerc,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesJournal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, ISSN 0022-3980, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2016
Vol150
No1
Pages1-14
Publication size in sheets0.8
Keywords in Englishmental simulations, imagery, goal striving process, persistence in action
DOIDOI:10.1080/00223980.2014.987102
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25494965
Languageen angielski
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Role-of-mental-simulations-in-the-weight-loss-process.pdf of 14-09-2015
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2017-03-14-10-54-02-573 (1).pdf 33.04 KB
Score (nominal)30
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=15856
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=15856
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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