Mixed Emotions and Coping: The Benefits of Secondary Emotions

Anna Braniecka , Ewa Trzebińska , Aneta Dowgiert , Agata Wytykowska


​The existing empirical literature suggests that during difficult situations, the concurrent experience of positive and negative affects may be ideal for ensuring successful adaptation and well-being. However, different patterns of mixed emotions may have different adaptive consequences. The present research tested the proposition that experiencing a pattern of secondary mixed emotion (i.e., secondary emotion that embrace both positive and negative affects) more greatly promotes adaptive coping than experiencing two other patterns of mixed emotional experiences: simultaneous (i.e., two emotions of opposing affects taking place at the same time) and sequential (i.e., two emotions of opposing affects switching back and forth). Support for this hypothesis was obtained from two experiments (Studies 1 and 2) and a longitudinal survey (Study 3).The results revealed that secondary mixed emotions predominate over sequential and simultaneous mixed emotional experiences in promoting adaptive coping through fostering the motivational and informative functions of emotions; this is done by providing solution-oriented actions rather than avoidance, faster decisions regarding coping strategies (Study 1), easier access to self-knowledge, and better narrative organization (Study 2). Furthermore, individuals characterized as being prone to feeling secondary mixed emotions were more resilient to stress caused by transitions than those who were characterized as being prone to feeling opposing emotions separately (Study 3). Taken together, the preliminary results indicate that the pattern of secondary mixed emotion provides individuals with a higher capacity to handle adversity than the other two patterns of mixed emotional experienc
Author Anna Braniecka (Wydział Psychologii)
Anna Braniecka,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Ewa Trzebińska (Wydział Psychologii)
Ewa Trzebińska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Aneta Dowgiert (Wydział Psychologii)
Aneta Dowgiert,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Agata Wytykowska (Wydział Psychologii)
Agata Wytykowska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesPlos One, ISSN 1932-6203, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2014
Publication size in sheets0.6
ASJC Classification1100 General Agricultural and Biological Sciences; 1300 General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; 2700 General Medicine
URL http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0103940#references
Languageen angielski
Mixed-emotions.pdf of 14-09-2015
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BROWN-iR-ADV5035-10-0634-001.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)40
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 1.148; WoS Impact Factor: 2014 = 3.234 (2) - 2014=3.702 (5)
Citation count*
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=16081
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=16081
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=16393
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=16393
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=16976
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=16976
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17511
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17511
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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