Nieuchronna tendencyjność ocen moralnych

Bogdan Wojciszke , Konrad Bocian , Michał Parzuchowski , Aleksandra Szymków-Sudziarska

Abstract

On the inescapability of bias in moral judgments Basing on the popular distinction between controlled and automatic psychological processes we present results of the debate between rationalistic versus intuitionistic accounts of moral judgments. These judgments are a joint product of automatic and controlled processes and because the former are fast and continuous, they play a greater role than the latter which are slower and operate only in some conditions. We present results of two lines of our research supporting this conclusion. The first line showed that moral judgments of others’ behavior are strongly biased by the observer’s self-interests. The second line showed that performing a honesty-associated gesture (hand-over-heart) increases honesty perceived in persons who perform the gesture and increases the actual honesty in the performers’ behavior. Both these influences result from the operation of automatic processes (which base on associations and emotions) and bias moral judgment. The bias is unconscious and inescapable unless the controlled processes of information processing are activated. Key words: moral judgment, moral behavior, self-interest bias
Author Bogdan Wojciszke (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Bogdan Wojciszke,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
, Konrad Bocian
Konrad Bocian,,
-
, Michał Parzuchowski (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Michał Parzuchowski,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
, Aleksandra Szymków-Sudziarska (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Aleksandra Szymków-Sudziarska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
Journal seriesNauka, ISSN 1231-8515, (B 10 pkt)
Issue year2014
Vol3
Pages45-62
Publication size in sheets0.85
URL http://www.pan.poznan.pl/nauki/N_314_03_Wojciszke.pdf
Languagepl polski
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Nieuchronna-tendencyjnosc-ocen-moralnych-Nauka-2014.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Wojciszke-Bocian-Parzuchowski-Szymkow-2014.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)10
Citation count*1 (2020-07-04)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=16292
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=16292
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=16510
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=16510
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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