You are so kind – and I am kind and smart: Actor-observer differences in the interpretation of on-going behavior

Andrea E. Abele , Susanne Bruckmüller , Bogdan Wojciszke


The dual perspective model of agency and communion predicts that observers tend to interpret a target’s behavior more in terms of communion than agency, whereas actors interpret their behavior more in terms of agency. The present research for the first time tests this model in real interactions. Previously unacquainted participants had a short conversation and afterwards rated their own behavior (actor perspective) and their interaction partner’s behavior (observer perspective) in terms of agency(self-confident, assertive) and communion(trustworthy, empathic). Supporting the dual perspective model, observers rated the actor’s behavior higher on communion than on agency, and higher on communion than actors themselves did. Findings for actors were more complex: Actors rated their own behavior as more agentic than observers did. However, they also rated their behavior high on communion. We discuss implications for the dual perspective model as well as for (mis)understandings in social interactions. Key words: actor-observer differences, agency, communion, dual perspective model
Author Andrea E. Abele
Andrea E. Abele,,
, Susanne Bruckmüller
Susanne Bruckmüller,,
, Bogdan Wojciszke (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Bogdan Wojciszke,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
Journal seriesPolish Psychological Bulletin, ISSN 0079-2993, e-ISSN 1641-7844, (B 15 pkt)
Issue year2014
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
Languageen angielski
Abele-Bruckmuller-Wojciszke-2014.pdf of 14-09-2015
249.57 KB
Score (nominal)15
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 0.148
Citation count*24 (2021-04-08)
Additional fields
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL
Share Share

Get link to the record

* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Are you sure?