Agency versus communion as predictors of self-esteem: Searching for the role of culture and self-construal
Bogdan Wojciszke , Olga Białobrzeska
AbstractTwo hypotheses concerning the relative importance of agentic versus communal traits as predictors of selfesteem were tested. The perspective hypothesis assumed that self-esteem is dominated by agency over communion because self-perceptions are formed from the agent (versus recipient) perspective. The culture hypothesis assumed that self-esteem is dominated by communal concerns in collectivistic cultures and by agentic concerns in individualistic cultures (echoed by individual differences in self-construal). Study 1 involving three samples from collectivistic countries and three from individualistic ones found that self-esteem was better predicted from self-ratings of agentic than communal traits, with the exception of collectivistic women for whom the two predictors were equal. Study 2 primed the interdependent or independent self and found self-ratings of agency to be better predictors of self-esteem than self-ratings of communion, with the exception of interdependence priming,where the two predictors were equal in strength.
|Journal series||Polish Psychological Bulletin, ISSN 0079-2993, e-ISSN 1641-7844, (B 15 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Agency, Communion, Culture, Self-construal, Self-esteem|
|Publication indicators||: 2014 = 0.148|
|Citation count*||25 (2021-01-23)|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=16517|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=16517|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17832|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17832|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.