When mirroring is both simple and “smart”: how mimicry can be embodied, adaptive, and non-representational

Evan W. Carr , Piotr Winkielman

Abstract

The concept of mirroring has become rather ubiquitous. One of the most fundamental empirical and theoretical debates within research on mirroring concerns the role of mental representations: while some models argue that higher-order representational mechanisms underpin most cases of mirroring, other models argue that they only moderate a primarily non-representational process. As such, even though research on mirroring—along with its neural substrates, including the putativemirror neuron system—has grown tremendously, so too has confusion about what it actually means to “mirror”. Using recent research on spontaneous imitation, we argue that flexible mirroring effects can be fully embodied and dynamic—even in the absence of higher-order mental representations. We propose that mirroring can simply reflect an adaptive integration and utilization of cues obtained from the brain, body, and environment, which is especially evident within the social context. Such a view offers reconciliation among both representational and non-representational frameworks in cognitive neuroscience, which will facilitate revised interpretations of modern (and seemingly divergent) findings on when and how these embodied mirroring responses are employed.
Author Evan W. Carr
Evan W. Carr,,
-
, Piotr Winkielman (Wydział Psychologii)
Piotr Winkielman,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesFrontiers in Human Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-5161, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2014
Vol8
No505
Pages1-7
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishembodiment, imitation, social learning, mimicry, mirror neurons
ASJC Classification2802 Behavioral Neuroscience; 2803 Biological Psychiatry; 2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 2808 Neurology; 3206 Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
DOIDOI:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00505
URL http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00505/abstract
Languageen angielski
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Carr-Winkielman-mimicry-smart-FrontiersHumanNeuro-2014.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Score (nominal)35
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 0.942; WoS Impact Factor: 2014 = 3.626 (2) - 2014=4.086 (5)
Citation count*28 (2020-07-03)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17306
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17306
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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