The White ceiling heuristic and the underestimation of Asian-American income

C. C. Martin , John B. Nezlek

Abstract

The belief that ethnic majorities dominate ethnic minorities informs research on intergroup processes. This belief can lead to the social heuristic that the ethnic majority sets an upper limit that minority groups cannot surpass, but this possibility has not received much attention. In three studies of perceived income, we examined how this heuristic, which we term the White ceiling heuristic leads people to inaccurately estimate the income of a minority group that surpasses the majority. We found that Asian Americans, whose median income has surpassed White median income for nearly three decades, are still perceived as making less than Whites, with the least accurate estimations being made by people who strongly believe that Whites are privileged. In contrast, income estimates for other minorities were fairly accurate. Thus, perceptions of minorities are shaped both by stereotype content and a heuristic.
Author C. C. Martin
C. C. Martin,,
-
, John B. Nezlek (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu)
John B. Nezlek,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu
Journal seriesPlos One, ISSN 1932-6203, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2014
Vol9
No9/ e108732
Pages1-1
Publication size in sheets0.3
ASJC Classification1100 General Agricultural and Biological Sciences; 1300 General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; 2700 General Medicine
DOIDOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0108732
URL http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0108732
Languageen angielski
File
2014-PLOS-One.pdf of 14-09-2015
54.28 KB
Score (nominal)40
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 1.148; WoS Impact Factor: 2014 = 3.234 (2) - 2014=3.702 (5)
Citation count*7 (2020-07-07)
Additional fields
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17477
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17477
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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