Explaining the relationship between religiousness and substance use: Self-control matters

C. N. DeWall , R. S. Pond , Evan C. Carter , M. E. McCullough , N. M. Lambert , F. D. Finchham , John Nezlek

Abstract

Religiousness is reliably associated with lower substance use, but little research has examined whether self-control helps explain why religiousness predicts lower substance use. Building on prior theoretical work, our studies suggest that self-control mediates the relationship between religiousness and a variety of substance-use behaviors. Study 1 showed that daily prayer predicted lower alcohol use on subsequent days. In Study 2, religiousness related to lower alcohol use, which was mediated by self-control. Study 3 replicated this mediational pattern using a behavioral measure of self-control. Using a longitudinal design, Study 4 revealed that self-control mediated the relationship between religiousness and lower alcohol use 6 weeks later. Study 5 replicated this mediational pattern again and showed that it remained significant after controlling for trait mindfulness. Studies 6 and 7 replicated and extended these effects to both alcohol and various forms of drug use among community and cross-cultural adult samples. These findings offer novel evidence regarding the role of self-control in explaining why religiousness is associated with lower substance use.
Author C. N. DeWall
C. N. DeWall,,
-
, R. S. Pond
R. S. Pond,,
-
, Evan C. Carter
Evan C. Carter,,
-
, M. E. McCullough
M. E. McCullough,,
-
, N. M. Lambert
N. M. Lambert,,
-
, F. D. Finchham
F. D. Finchham,,
-
, John Nezlek (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu)
John Nezlek,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu
Journal seriesJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, ISSN 0022-3514, (A 45 pkt)
Issue year2014
Vol107
No2
Pages339-351
Publication size in sheets0
ASJC Classification3312 Sociology and Political Science; 3207 Social Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1037/a0036853
URL http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/psp/107/2/339/
Languageen angielski
File
2014-JPSP.pdf of 14-09-2015
75.38 KB
Score (nominal)45
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 3.604; WoS Impact Factor: 2014 = 5.031 (2) - 2014=7.521 (5)
Citation count*53 (2020-11-29)
Additional fields
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17482
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17482
Cite
Share Share

Get link to the record


* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Back
Confirmation
Are you sure?