Explaining the relationship between religiousness and substance use: Self-control matters
C. N. DeWall , R. S. Pond , Evan C. Carter , M. E. McCullough , N. M. Lambert , F. D. Finchham , John Nezlek
AbstractReligiousness is reliably associated with lower substance use, but little research has examined whether self-control helps explain why religiousness predicts lower substance use. Building on prior theoretical work, our studies suggest that self-control mediates the relationship between religiousness and a variety of substance-use behaviors. Study 1 showed that daily prayer predicted lower alcohol use on subsequent days. In Study 2, religiousness related to lower alcohol use, which was mediated by self-control. Study 3 replicated this mediational pattern using a behavioral measure of self-control. Using a longitudinal design, Study 4 revealed that self-control mediated the relationship between religiousness and lower alcohol use 6 weeks later. Study 5 replicated this mediational pattern again and showed that it remained significant after controlling for trait mindfulness. Studies 6 and 7 replicated and extended these effects to both alcohol and various forms of drug use among community and cross-cultural adult samples. These findings offer novel evidence regarding the role of self-control in explaining why religiousness is associated with lower substance use.
|Journal series||Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, ISSN 0022-3514, (A 45 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0|
|Publication indicators||: 2014 = 3.604; : 2014 = 5.031 (2) - 2014=7.521 (5)|
|Citation count*||53 (2020-11-29)|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17482|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17482|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.