An experimental study of the influence of limited time horizon on positivity effects among young adults using eye-tracking
Marzena Cypryańska , Izabela Krejtz , Aleksandra Jaskółowska , Alicja Kulawik , Aleksandra Żukowska , Agnieszka Golec , Jakub Niewiarowski , John Nezlek
AbstractCompared to younger adults, older adults attend more to positive stimuli, a positivity effect. Older adults have limited time horizons, and they focus on maintaining positive affect, whereas younger adults have unlimited time horizons, and they focus on acquiring knowledge and developing skills. Time horizons were manipulated by asking participants (66 young adults, M age = 20.5 yr., SD = 1.2) to think that their lives would end in three years. Some participants focused on what they would do in these three years (life focus), whereas others focused on the fact that they would die in three years (death focus). Attentional biases to facial expressions of happiness, sadness, fear, anger, and disgust were measured. Participants viewed 20 slides including pairings of a happy face with each of the negative emotions. The dependent measure was the relative attention paid to the faces on each slide. Participants in the experimental conditions exhibited a positivity effect compared to participants in the control condition, although some results suggested that this effect was weaker in the death focus condition than in the life focus condition.
|Journal series||Psychological Reports, ISSN 0033-2941, (A 15 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.7|
|Publication indicators||: 2014 = 0.47; : 2014 = 0.56 (2) - 2014=0.592 (5)|
|Citation count*||4 (2020-11-23)|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17483|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17483|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.