Resources and adaptation following involuntary resettlement in the Bytom-Karb community

Igor Pietkiewicz , Małgorzata Wójcik , Katarzyna Popiołek , Augustyn Bańka


Studies show that involuntary displacement often creates various threats for the community and individuals. To reduce these risks, Environmental and Social Impact Assessment, Health Impact Assessment, and Social Assessment are recommended. Whereas assessments focus mostly on the community level and studies describe cases of large population displacements, there is a lack of empirical evidence about how individuals cope with involuntary displacement and what factors contribute or hinder their successful adaptation in the target location. This study uses semi-structured interviews with 21 people about their experience of resettlement due to a mine collapse in Bytom, Poland, that led to involuntary displacement of 560 people. Data was analyzed according to the constructivist grounded theory principles. Results show that this case illustrates a mixture of post-disaster and development-induced displacement. Various factors and resources that affected coping strategies were analyzed, including: material and legal status, health and age, communication skills, and relocation experience. Our findings suggest that, when circumstances allow, an individual resources assessment should also be conducted to counteract impoverishment and further marginalization of the disprivileged and vulnerable individuals. 
Author Igor Pietkiewicz (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Katowicach)
Igor Pietkiewicz,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Katowicach
, Małgorzata Wójcik (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Katowicach)
Małgorzata Wójcik,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Katowicach
, Katarzyna Popiołek (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Katowicach)
Katarzyna Popiołek,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Katowicach
, Augustyn Bańka (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Katowicach)
Augustyn Bańka,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Katowicach
Journal seriesPolish Psychological Bulletin, ISSN 0079-2993, e-ISSN 1641-7844, (B 15 pkt)
Issue year2015
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishresources; adaptation; involuntary resettlement; community displacement; ecological disaster; crisis intervention
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
Languageen angielski
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Score (nominal)15
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 0.297
Citation count*1 (2021-02-26)
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