Trait anxiety moderates the association between estradiol and dominance in women

Anna Ziomkiewicz-Wichary , Szymon Wichary , Aleksandra Gomuła , Bogusław Pawłowski


The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between self-assessed social dominance trait and levels of free basal sex steroids: estradiol and testosterone, in reproductive age women. Polish urban women aged 24– 35 (N = 72) filled in Trait Dominance–Submissiveness Scale (TDS) and State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). They also gave a single blood sample during the follicular phase of the following menstrual cycle. The blood sample was analyzed for concentration of free testosterone (T), estradiol (E2) and cortisol (C). We found that self-assessed social dominance was negatively associated with free E2 and E2 to T ratio. This general relationship was moderated by Trait Anxiety. Higher social dominance was associated with lower E2 and lower E2 to T ratio in moderate and highly anxious women. No such relationship was found in low anxious women. Results of this study evidence important contribution of estradiol and question the independent role of testosterone in shaping dominance in women. They might also suggest important biological and psychological cost of maintaining high social dominance in reproductive age women.
Author Anna Ziomkiewicz-Wichary
Anna Ziomkiewicz-Wichary,,
, Szymon Wichary (Wydział Psychologii)
Szymon Wichary,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Aleksandra Gomuła
Aleksandra Gomuła,,
, Bogusław Pawłowski
Bogusław Pawłowski,,
Journal seriesPhysiology and Behavior, ISSN 0031-9384, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2015
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishSocial dominance, Estradiol, Testosterone, Anxiety, Cortisol
ASJC Classification2802 Behavioral Neuroscience; 3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Languageen angielski
ziomkiewicz-2015-trait-anxiety-estradiol-dominance-women-page-numbs-physio-beh.pdf of 14-09-2015
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BROWN_IR-ADV5255_16_0107_001-47.pdf 18.69 KB
Score (nominal)30
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 0.986; WoS Impact Factor: 2015 = 2.461 (2) - 2015=2.986 (5)
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