Associations Between Job Burnout and Self-Efficacy: A Meta-Analysis
Kotaro Shoji , Roman Cieślak , Ewelina Smoktunowicz , Anna Rogala , Charles C. Benight , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska
AbstractBackground and Objectives: This study aimed at systematically reviewing and meta-analyzingthe strength of associations between self-efficacy and job burnout (the global index and itscomponents). We investigated whether these associations would be moderated by: (a) the type ofmeasurement of burnout and self-efficacy (b) the type of occupation (c) the number of years ofwork experience and age, and (d) culture.Design and Methods: We systematically reviewed and analyzed 57 original studies (N =22,773) conducted among teachers (k = 29), healthcare providers (k = 17), and otherprofessionals (k = 11).Results: The average effect size estimate for the association between self-efficacy and burnoutwas of medium size (-.33). Regarding the three burnout components, the largest estimate of theaverage effect (-.49) was found for the lack of accomplishment. The estimates of the averageeffect were similar, regardless of the type of the measures of burnout and self-efficacymeasurement (general versus context-specific). Significantly larger estimates of the averageeffects were found among teachers (compared to healthcare providers), older workers, and thosewith longer work experience.Conclusions: Significant self-efficacy--burnout relationships were observed across countries,although the strength of associations varied across burnout components, participants’ profession,and their age.
|Journal series||Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal, ISSN 1061-5806, (A 30 pkt)|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Publication indicators||: 2015 = 1.105; : 2015 = 1.596 (2) - 2015=2.376 (5)|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17684|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17684|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.