Associations Between Job Burnout and Self-Efficacy: A Meta-Analysis

Kotaro Shoji , Roman Cieślak , Ewelina Smoktunowicz , Anna Rogala , Charles C. Benight , Aleksandra Łuszczyńska


​Background and Objectives: This study aimed at systematically reviewing and meta-analyzingthe strength of associations between self-efficacy and job burnout (the global index and itscomponents). We investigated whether these associations would be moderated by: (a) the type ofmeasurement of burnout and self-efficacy (b) the type of occupation (c) the number of years ofwork experience and age, and (d) culture.Design and Methods: We systematically reviewed and analyzed 57 original studies (N =22,773) conducted among teachers (k = 29), healthcare providers (k = 17), and otherprofessionals (k = 11).Results: The average effect size estimate for the association between self-efficacy and burnoutwas of medium size (-.33). Regarding the three burnout components, the largest estimate of theaverage effect (-.49) was found for the lack of accomplishment. The estimates of the averageeffect were similar, regardless of the type of the measures of burnout and self-efficacymeasurement (general versus context-specific). Significantly larger estimates of the averageeffects were found among teachers (compared to healthcare providers), older workers, and thosewith longer work experience.Conclusions: Significant self-efficacy--burnout relationships were observed across countries,although the strength of associations varied across burnout components, participants’ profession,and their age.
Author Kotaro Shoji
Kotaro Shoji,,
, Roman Cieślak (Wydział Psychologii)
Roman Cieślak,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Ewelina Smoktunowicz (Wydział Psychologii)
Ewelina Smoktunowicz,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Anna Rogala (Wydział Psychologii)
Anna Rogala,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Charles C. Benight
Charles C. Benight,,
, Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
Journal seriesAnxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal, ISSN 1061-5806, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2015
ASJC Classification2738 Psychiatry and Mental health; 1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); 3203 Clinical Psychology; 3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology
Languageen angielski
ShojiCeislakSmoktunowiczRogalaBenightLuszczynska2015.pdf 738.96 KB
Additional file
BROWN_IR-ADV5255_16_0106_001-15.pdf 17.34 KB
BROWN_IR-ADV5255_16_0107_001-23.pdf 17.91 KB
BROWN_IR-ADV5255_16_0107_001-31.pdf 17.13 KB
Score (nominal)30
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 1.105; WoS Impact Factor: 2015 = 1.596 (2) - 2015=2.376 (5)
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