Functional perfectionism and healthy behaviors: The longitudinal relationships between the dimensions of perfectionism, nutrition behavior, and physical activity moderated by gender

Aleksandra Łuszczyńska , Karolina Zarychta , Karolina Horodyska , Natalia Liszewska , Anna Gancarczyk , Katarzyna Czekierda

Abstract

background This study investigated the relationships between global perfectionism (its functional and dysfunctional aspects) and three types of health behaviors: fruit and vegetable intake (FVI), consumption of sweet and salty snacks, and physical activity. It was hypothesized that indices of functional perfectionism would predict engaging in healthy behavior, with gender moderating these associations. participants and procedures Data were collected among 845 adolescents (59.20% girls) aged 13 to 20 years old (M = 16.52, SD = 0.92). At the baseline, participants filled out the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale and measures of nutrition behavior and physical activity. The measurement of nutrition behavior and physical activity was repeated at 12-month follow-up. results The moderator analysis indicated that FVI as well as consumption of sweet and salty snacks measured at 12-month follow-up were explained by functional global perfectionism (Organization and Personal Standards dimensions), but this effect was stronger among girls. Physical activity measured at 12-month follow-up was explained by functional perfectionism (Organization and Personal Standards dimensions), but this effect was stronger among boys. The effects were found after controlling for respective behaviors assessed at the baseline. Dysfunctional dimensions of global perfectionism (Concern over Mistakes, Parental Expectations, Parental Criticism, Doubts about Actions) were unrelated to indices of behavior at follow-up. conclusions Functional global perfectionism may represent an individual resource variable, facilitating uptake and maintenance of healthy diet and physical activity, and therefore foster prevention of obesity among adolescents.
Author Aleksandra Łuszczyńska (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Aleksandra Łuszczyńska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Karolina Zarychta (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Zarychta,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Karolina Horodyska (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Karolina Horodyska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Natalia Liszewska (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Natalia Liszewska,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Anna Gancarczyk
Anna Gancarczyk,,
-
, Katarzyna Czekierda
Katarzyna Czekierda,,
-
Journal seriesCurrent Issues in Personality Psychology, ISSN 2353-4192, e-ISSN 2353-561X, (B 12 pkt)
Issue year2015
Vol3
No2
Pages84-93
Publication size in sheets0.5
Abstract in Polish...
DOIDOI:10.5114/cipp.2015.52085
URL http://www.termedia.pl/Original-article-Functional-perfectionism-and-healthy-behaviors-the-longitudinal-relationships-between-the-r-ndimensions-of-perfectionism-nutrition-behavior-and-physical-activity-moderated-by-gender,75,25217,1,1.html
Languageen angielski
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Score (nominal)12
Citation count*6 (2020-10-25)
Additional fields
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17700
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17700
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17945
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17945
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17979
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17979
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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