Individual differences in emotional reactivity moderate the strength of the relationship between attentional and implicit-memory biases towards threat-related stimuli

Paweł J. Matusz , Jakub Traczyk , Agata Sobków , Jan Strelau


The study investigated whether the strength of the relationship between attentional and implicit-memory biases for threat-related material can be moderated by individual differences in temperament and personality. A spatial cueing task, where task-irrelevant angry, happy, and neutral faces acted as spatial cues preceding a target, was immediately followed by an unexpected “old/new” task involving previously presented faces. Temperament-based emotional reactivity (ER; one’s typical response strength to emotional stimuli) predicted improved memory performance for angry faces in the “old/new” task. Critically, the relationship between the attentional bias towards threat (indexed by a cue validity index, i.e., a difference in response times on trials where cues with angry expression were presented in the same versus different location to the subsequent target) and enhanced implicit-memory for previously presented task-irrelevant threat-related information was found to be moderated by ER. The current findings provide the first evidence that temperament traits can offer novel insights into the mechanisms enhancing cognitive biases towards threat in the typical population.
Author Paweł J. Matusz
Paweł J. Matusz,,
, Jakub Traczyk (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Jakub Traczyk,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Agata Sobków (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Agata Sobków,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Jan Strelau (Wydział Psychologii)
Jan Strelau,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesJournal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2015
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishAttention–memory relationship; Cognitive biases; Emotional reactivity; Temperament; Threat processing.
ASJC Classification1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); 3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Languageen angielski
2015-JCP-attention.pdf of 14-09-2015
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nadbitka_2015-JCP-attention.pdf 34.83 KB
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BROWN_IR-ADV5255_16_0107_001-32.pdf 17.71 KB
Score (nominal)20
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 0.733; WoS Impact Factor: 2015 = 1.892 (2) - 2015=1.568 (5)
Citation count*11 (2021-02-25)
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