Individual differences in emotional reactivity moderate the strength of the relationship between attentional and implicit-memory biases towards threat-related stimuli

Paweł J. Matusz , Jakub Traczyk , Agata Sobków , Jan Strelau

Abstract

The study investigated whether the strength of the relationship between attentional and implicit-memory biases for threat-related material can be moderated by individual differences in temperament and personality. A spatial cueing task, where task-irrelevant angry, happy, and neutral faces acted as spatial cues preceding a target, was immediately followed by an unexpected “old/new” task involving previously presented faces. Temperament-based emotional reactivity (ER; one’s typical response strength to emotional stimuli) predicted improved memory performance for angry faces in the “old/new” task. Critically, the relationship between the attentional bias towards threat (indexed by a cue validity index, i.e., a difference in response times on trials where cues with angry expression were presented in the same versus different location to the subsequent target) and enhanced implicit-memory for previously presented task-irrelevant threat-related information was found to be moderated by ER. The current findings provide the first evidence that temperament traits can offer novel insights into the mechanisms enhancing cognitive biases towards threat in the typical population.
Author Paweł J. Matusz
Paweł J. Matusz,,
-
, Jakub Traczyk (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Jakub Traczyk,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Agata Sobków (Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu)
Agata Sobków,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy we Wrocławiu
, Jan Strelau (Wydział Psychologii)
Jan Strelau,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesJournal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2015
Vol27
No6
Pages715-724
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishAttention–memory relationship; Cognitive biases; Emotional reactivity; Temperament; Threat processing.
ASJC Classification1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); 3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1080/20445911.2015.1027210
URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/20445911.2015.1027210
Languageen angielski
File
2015-JCP-attention.pdf of 14-09-2015
171.2 KB
nadbitka_2015-JCP-attention.pdf 34.83 KB
Additional file
BROWN_IR-ADV5255_16_0107_001-32.pdf 17.71 KB
Score (nominal)20
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 0.733; WoS Impact Factor: 2015 = 1.892 (2) - 2015=1.568 (5)
Citation count*9 (2020-10-27)
Additional fields
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17714
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17714
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17719
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17719
Cite
Share Share

Get link to the record


* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Back
Confirmation
Are you sure?