Individual differences in emotional reactivity moderate the strength of the relationship between attentional and implicit-memory biases towards threat-related stimuli
Paweł J. Matusz , Jakub Traczyk , Agata Sobków , Jan Strelau
AbstractThe study investigated whether the strength of the relationship between attentional and implicit-memory biases for threat-related material can be moderated by individual differences in temperament and personality. A spatial cueing task, where task-irrelevant angry, happy, and neutral faces acted as spatial cues preceding a target, was immediately followed by an unexpected “old/new” task involving previously presented faces. Temperament-based emotional reactivity (ER; one’s typical response strength to emotional stimuli) predicted improved memory performance for angry faces in the “old/new” task. Critically, the relationship between the attentional bias towards threat (indexed by a cue validity index, i.e., a difference in response times on trials where cues with angry expression were presented in the same versus different location to the subsequent target) and enhanced implicit-memory for previously presented task-irrelevant threat-related information was found to be moderated by ER. The current findings provide the first evidence that temperament traits can offer novel insights into the mechanisms enhancing cognitive biases towards threat in the typical population.
|Journal series||Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, (A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Attention–memory relationship; Cognitive biases; Emotional reactivity; Temperament; Threat processing.|
|Publication indicators||: 2015 = 0.733; : 2015 = 1.892 (2) - 2015=1.568 (5)|
|Citation count*||9 (2020-10-27)|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17714|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17714|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17719|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17719|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.