Legitimization and delegitimization of social hierarchy

Wiesław Baryła , Bogdan Wojciszke , Aleksandra Cichocka

Abstract

Although status and wealth are related facets of social stratification, their association is only moderate. In this article, we demonstrate that justification of wealth versus status can be independent processes. To this end, we introduce a novel, nondeclarative measure of system justification. The measure is based on within-individual correlations between the judgments of how a group ‘‘is doing’’ and how it ‘‘should be doing.’’ Two studies demonstrated that the between-group differentiation in terms of material wealth was delegitimized—the more a group was perceived as wealthy, the less it was desired to be wealthy. However, the between-group differentiation in terms of status was generally legitimized—the more a group was perceived as influential, the more it was desired to be influential. We conclude by discussing the role of sociopolitical context in active legitimization and delegitimization of different aspects of the system.  Keywords: system justification, delegitimization, status, wealth
Author Wiesław Baryła (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Wiesław Baryła,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
, Bogdan Wojciszke (Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie)
Bogdan Wojciszke,,
- Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie
, Aleksandra Cichocka
Aleksandra Cichocka,,
-
Journal seriesSocial Psychological and Personality Science, ISSN 1948-5506, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2015
Vol6
No6
Pages669-676
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification3203 Clinical Psychology; 3207 Social Psychology
Abstract in PolishAlthough status and wealth are related facets of social stratification, their association is only moderate. In this article, we demonstrate that justification of wealth versus status can be independent processes. To this end, we introduce a novel, nondeclarative measure of system justification. The measure is based on within-individual correlations between the judgments of how a group ‘‘is doing’’ and how it ‘‘should be doing.’’ Two studies demonstrated that the between-group differentiation in terms of material wealth was delegitimized—the more a group was perceived as wealthy, the less it was desired to be wealthy. However, the between-group differentiation in terms of status was generally legitimized—the more a group was perceived as influential, the more it was desired to be influential. We conclude by discussing the role of sociopolitical context in active legitimization and delegitimization of different aspects of the system.  Keywords: system justification, delegitimization, status, wealth
DOIDOI:10.1177/1948550615576211
URL http://spp.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/03/09/1948550615576211.full.pdf+html
Languageen angielski
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Baryla-Wojciszke-Cichocka-2015-PSPS.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Social-Psychological-and-Personality-Science-2015-Baryla.pdf of 14-09-2015
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Baryła_Legitymization_2015.jpg 368.9 KB
Wojciszke,2015,legit_oświadczenie.pdf 311.59 KB
Score (nominal)35
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 1.47; WoS Impact Factor: 2015 = 2.325 (2) - 2015=3.005 (5)
Citation count*10 (2020-10-22)
Additional fields
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17754
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17754
Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=18038
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=18038
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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