Misremembering What You See or Hear: Dissociable Effects of Modality on Short- and Long-Term False Recognition

Justyna M. Olszewska , Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz , Emily Munier , Sara A. Bendler

Abstract

False working memories readily emerge using a visual item-recognition variant of the converging associates task. Two experiments, manipulating study and test modality, extended prior working memory results by demonstrating a reliable false recognition effect (more false alarms to associatively related lures than to unrelated lures) within seconds of encoding in either the visual or auditory modality. However, false memories were nearly twice as frequent when study lists were seen than when they were heard, regardless of test modality, although study-test modality mismatch was generally disadvantageous (consistent with encoding specificity). A final experiment that varied study-test modality using a hybrid short- and long-term memory test (Flegal, Atkins & Reuter-Lorenz, 2010) replicated the auditory advantage in the short term but revealed a reversal in the long term: The false memory effect was greater in the auditory study-test condition than in the visual study-test condition. Thus, the same encoding conditions gave rise to an opposite modality advantage depending on whether recognition was tested under short-term or long-term memory conditions. Although demonstrating continuity in associative processing across delay, the results indicate that delay condition affects the availability of modality-dependent features of the memory trace and, thus, distinctiveness, leading to dissociable patterns of short- and long-term memory performance.
Author Justyna M. Olszewska (Wydział Psychologii)
Justyna M. Olszewska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz
Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz,,
-
, Emily Munier
Emily Munier,,
-
, Sara A. Bendler
Sara A. Bendler,,
-
Journal seriesJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, ISSN 0278-7393, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2015
Vol41
No5
Pages1316-1325
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishfalse memory, short-term memory, long-term memory, distinctiveness, modality effects
ASJC Classification3310 Linguistics and Language; 1203 Language and Linguistics; 3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
DOIDOI:10.1037/xlm0000115
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000115
Languageen angielski
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XLM-2014-1678_Olszewska[4].pdf 9.99 KB
Additional file
2017-03-14-10-32-19-762.pdf 29.71 KB
Score (nominal)35
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 1.333; WoS Impact Factor: 2015 = 2.776 (2) - 2015=3.229 (5)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=17840
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=17840
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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