Accessibility of Observable and Unobservable Characteristics in Autobiographical Memories of Recent and Distant Past

Jerzy Karyłowski , Błażej Mroziński

Abstract

​Self-reports regarding how people visualize themselves during events that occurred in the past, show that for events from the distant past individuals report assuming a more external perspective than for events from the recent past (McIssac & Eich, 2002; Nigro & Neisser, 1983; Pronin & Ross, 2006). Thus it appears that with the passage of time representations of self embodied in memories of past events, loose their position of an insider and assume a more ordinary position of self as an object seen from the perspective of an outside observer. The purpose of the present experiment was to examine this shift using a performance based measure of accessibility. Results showed that selfjudgments regarding unobservable, covert characteristics were faster for recent - compared to more distant - autobiographical events. However, self-judgments regarding observable, overt characteristics, were faster for more distant events. This suggests a mechanism underlying the shift from internal to the relatively more external perspective in forming self-images related to the distant past.
Author Jerzy Karyłowski
Jerzy Karyłowski,,
-
, Błażej Mroziński (Wydział Psychologii)
Błażej Mroziński,,
- Wydział Psychologii
Journal seriesMemory, ISSN 0965-8211, (A 20 pkt)
Issue year2016
Pages164-169
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in English Autobiographical memory, temporal distance, self-judgments, vantage point, accessibility
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology; 1201 Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
DOIDOI:10.1080/09658211.2015.1137323
Languageen angielski
File
09658211.2015.1137323.pdf 886.98 KB
Score (nominal)30
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.879; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 2.118 (2) - 2016=2.2 (5)
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Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=18064
Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URLhttp://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=18064
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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