Accessibility of Observable and Unobservable Characteristics in Autobiographical Memories of Recent and Distant Past
Jerzy Karyłowski , Błażej Mroziński
AbstractSelf-reports regarding how people visualize themselves during events that occurred in the past, show that for events from the distant past individuals report assuming a more external perspective than for events from the recent past (McIssac & Eich, 2002; Nigro & Neisser, 1983; Pronin & Ross, 2006). Thus it appears that with the passage of time representations of self embodied in memories of past events, loose their position of an insider and assume a more ordinary position of self as an object seen from the perspective of an outside observer. The purpose of the present experiment was to examine this shift using a performance based measure of accessibility. Results showed that selfjudgments regarding unobservable, covert characteristics were faster for recent - compared to more distant - autobiographical events. However, self-judgments regarding observable, overt characteristics, were faster for more distant events. This suggests a mechanism underlying the shift from internal to the relatively more external perspective in forming self-images related to the distant past.
|Journal series||Memory, ISSN 0965-8211, (A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Autobiographical memory, temporal distance, self-judgments, vantage point, accessibility|
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 0.879; : 2016 = 2.118 (2) - 2016=2.2 (5)|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=18064|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=18064|
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