Impulsive people have a compulsion for immediate gratification—certain or uncertain

Wojciech Białaszek , Maciej Gaik , Elton McGoun , Piotr Zielonka


Impulsivity has been defined as choosing the smaller more immediate reward over a larger more delayed reward. The purpose of this research was to gain a deeper understanding of the mental processes involved in the decision making. We examined participants’ rates of delay discounting and probability discounting to determine their correlation with time-probability trade-offs. To establish the time-probability trade-off rate, participants adjusted a risky, immediate payoff to a delayed, certain payoff. In effect, this yielded a probability equivalent of waiting time. We found a strong, positive correlation between delay discount rates and the time-probability trade-offs. This means that impulsive people have a compulsion for immediate gratification, independent of whether the immediate reward is certain or uncertain. Thus, they seem not to be concerned with risk but rather with time.
Author Wojciech Białaszek (Wydział Psychologii)
Wojciech Białaszek,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Maciej Gaik
Maciej Gaik,,
, Elton McGoun
Elton McGoun,,
, Piotr Zielonka
Piotr Zielonka,,
Journal seriesFrontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2015
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishimpulsivity, delay discounting, probability discounting, time-probability trade-off, magnitude effect, sign effect
ASJC Classification3200 General Psychology
Languageen angielski
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Score (nominal)35
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 0.942; WoS Impact Factor: 2015 = 2.463 (2) - 2015=2.885 (5)
Citation count*25 (2021-02-27)
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