Impulsive people have a compulsion for immediate gratification—certain or uncertain
Wojciech Białaszek , Maciej Gaik , Elton McGoun , Piotr Zielonka
AbstractImpulsivity has been defined as choosing the smaller more immediate reward over a larger more delayed reward. The purpose of this research was to gain a deeper understanding of the mental processes involved in the decision making. We examined participants’ rates of delay discounting and probability discounting to determine their correlation with time-probability trade-offs. To establish the time-probability trade-off rate, participants adjusted a risky, immediate payoff to a delayed, certain payoff. In effect, this yielded a probability equivalent of waiting time. We found a strong, positive correlation between delay discount rates and the time-probability trade-offs. This means that impulsive people have a compulsion for immediate gratification, independent of whether the immediate reward is certain or uncertain. Thus, they seem not to be concerned with risk but rather with time.
|Journal series||Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||impulsivity, delay discounting, probability discounting, time-probability trade-off, magnitude effect, sign effect|
|Publication indicators||: 2015 = 0.942; : 2015 = 2.463 (2) - 2015=2.885 (5)|
|Citation count*||23 (2020-10-22)|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Preview URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Podglad.aspx?WpisID=18097|
|Dorobek Naukowy - Approve URL||http://dn.swps.edu.pl/Biuro/ZatwierdzanieWpisu.aspx?WpisID=18097|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.