The perspective of scientific research on the Roman public law

Bronisław Sitek


Contemporary, the Roman law is associated with the law studies. In Poland, Italy, Spain, the first-year students learn about the history and the institutions of the Roman public law. The current désintéressant for the Roman public law was largely caused by a medieval demand for privet law regulations for the purposes of developing commerce and trade. The development of research in this area was stimulated by finding the Digest manuscript in Pisa. The leading centre for the development of Roman law was the University of Bologna, with Accursius at the forefront. The abandonment of research on Roman public law, however, does not mean resignation from the Roman symbolism and terminology. In particular, the German emperors willing alluded to the idea of the Sacrum Romanum Imperium. Many references to the institutions and symbols of ancient Rome can be found in the Catholic Church. In the modern era, the studies on the Roman public law have been completely abandoned. Siber definitely rejected the relationship between contemporary and Roman political institutions. In addition, Mommsen’s research was conducted from a strong historical prospective. As a consequence, the Constitution of the Roman Empire became mainly the subject of research done by historians of antiquity. In practice, however, in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the system of absolute authority and the fascism willingly referred to the terminology, gestures, or symbols of Rome. In Poland, Spain and Italy began a slow revival of the study of Roman public law. The considerations made in this study are selected according to Romidee line. It means that this paper is a search for contemporary political, cultural and religious roots in the Roman culture. One can talk about far-reaching similarity of some modern solutions and political institutions with those that have been known and used in ancient Rome. These similarities should be primarily sought in the nature of human being to the organization of social life according to the similar mechanisms, regardless of prior awareness of their existence. We cannot forget about the existing differences.
Author Bronisław Sitek (Wydział Prawa)
Bronisław Sitek,,
- Wydział Prawa
Journal seriesDiritto e storia. Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Giuridiche e Tradizione Romana, ISSN 1825-0300, (0 pkt)
Issue year2014
Publication size in sheets0.6
Languageen angielski
Rok2014-1-1.doc of 14-09-2015
186.5 KB
Score (nominal)5
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