Value - motive congruence and reactivity as determinants of well-being.

Anna Zalewska , Hermann Brandstätter



Sixty bank employees answered the Strelau Temperament Inventory-Revised (STI-R) (reactivity) and the Work Values Inventory (WVI) and kept a Time Sampling Diary (TSD) for 40 days providing measures of emotions and importance of motives. Emotional responses to everyday life situations were analyzed as a function of value-motive congruence and reactivity. Reactivity is a basic dimension of temperament that delimits the range of optimum stimulation and proneness to stress. Value-motive congruence is the correspondence between a person’s value priorities and the relative frequencies of actualization of the respective motives. As predicted, reactivity influences well-being in everyday life situations: low-reactives often are in better mood than high-reactives. Value-motive congruence, too, fosters well-being, partly in interaction with reactivity and type of situation. Some higher order interactions suggest additional hypotheses which have to be tested in future studies.

Key Words

Value-motive congruence, reactivity, well-being, experience sampling

Author Anna Zalewska (Wydział Psychologii)
Anna Zalewska,,
- Wydział Psychologii
, Hermann Brandstätter
Hermann Brandstätter,,
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Book Brandstätter Hermann, Eliasz Andrzej (eds.): Persons, situations, and emotions. An ecological approach , 2001, Oxford University Press
Languagepl polski
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